PT. Freeport Indonesia - A preliminary bibliography

Chris Ballard, March 1998
DRAFT VERSION

This bibliography is provided courtesy of the Resource Management in Asia Pacific (RMAP) Project, ANU.
For information about RMAP visit http://rspas.anu.edu.au/rmap.

Introductory comments

This is a preliminary draft of a bibliography writings and other materials associated with the operations of PT. Freeport Indonesia, which operates in the Province of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. The bibliography is still very much in progress and will be updated and revised over the next few years. It has been developed initially as a personal research tool and thus betrays a number of idiosyncracies in terms of its scope, range of sources and format:

Scope

The bibliography is limited to the operations of PT. Freeport Indonesia, which currently consist of mining and exploration activities in the province of Irian Jaya (by both Freeport and its wholly owned subsidiary, PT. Eastern Irja Minerals), and the construction of a smelter facility at Greik in Java (PT. Smelting Company). Separate bibliographies (not included here) cover the two communities indigenous to Freeport’s original “Contract of Work A” area, the highland Amungme (pdf 135k) and lowland Kamoro (pdf 154k).

A number of topics are either only cursorily addressed or specifically excluded in this bibliography. No attempt has been made to cover the geological literature in any exhaustive way - for the large part, geological items are included only where they are of a general or review nature. There is also little coverage of the service industries relating to the mineral resource sector, such as construction, catering and other support businesses. Finally, private documents and those that are restricted to internal circulation within governments, companies or other agencies, are not included in this bibliography, unless they have been deposited in the public domain (e.g. in a public library or on a website).

Range of sources

The range of sources used thus far is largely a reflection of what I have been able to lay my hands (or eyes) upon, while based largely in Canberra. There are thus a disproportionate number of items from Australian sources (rather than Indonesian, American or European for example), though this emphasis does also reflect the actual distribution of relevant material. The significant absence of Indonesian material is something that I hope to remedy over time as my knowledge of Indonesian sources improves.

Sources consulted include monographs, journals, magazines and daily newspapers, film, video, television and radio. The full range of the political spectrum is addressed, ranging from literature produced by the mineral resource industry through to church, NGO and other activist sources - I leave it to users of this bibliography to decide what weight or credibility they might wish to accord to these different sources.

The time frame covered by the bibliography starts essentially with the discovery of the Ertsberg ore body by geologist Jean-Jacques Dozy in 1936. The coverage is intended to become increasingly exhaustive, within the scope outlined above, up towards the present. My aim, ultimately, is to attempt a thorough coverage of newspaper and other sources from at least 1988 (the year of the Grasberg discovery) to the present, extending over much of the current minerals boom in the region.

Format

Author's names are given in full (where the full name is known), whether or not the full name is given in the particular item listed. Articles contained in monographs listed elsewhere in the bibliography refer only to the name(s) of the editor(s) and, where necessary, the date of publication of the monograph - full details for the monograph are listed under the editor(s) name(s). Bold square brackets ([ ]) at the end of item references contain comments on the availability of the item ([nh ANU] = not held at the Australian National University). Ordinary square brackets at the end of item references contain keywords used in cross-reference and in the compilation of project- or topic-specific bibliographies. Where possible, I have attempted to sight all of the items listed in this bibliography. Those items that I have not sighted, and which I cannot thus confirm as definitely within the stated scope of the bibliography or correct in all their details, are prefixed with an asterisk (*). Asterisks within an item reference identify missing information (such as page numbers, places and dates of publication, or author initials).

The conventions and the abbreviations used for institutions and for journal sources are listed below.

Feedback

Finally, comment on any aspect of this bibliography is welcome, as is notice of any significant omission. Please contact me at:

Division of Pacific and Asian History
Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
Australian National University
Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
(tel) 61-2-6125-0305
(fax) 61-2-6125-5525
(e-mail) chris.ballard@anu.edu.au


Conventions

* = not seen [] = comment, location, source

Institutional abbreviations
ACFOA: Australian Council for Overseas Aid, Melbourne.
AIMM: Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Melbourne.
ANU: Australian National University, Canberra.
BHP: Broken Hill Proprietary Company Ltd, Melbourne.
CRA: Conzinc Riotinto of Australia Pty Ltd, Melbourne.
DSC: Development Studies Centre [now NCDS].
GSA: Geological Society of Australia, Sydney.
IMM: The Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, London.
IPA: Indonesian Petroleum Association, Jakarta.
LEMASA: Lembaga Musyawarah Adat Suku Amungme, Timika
LEMASKO: Lembaga Musyawarah Adat Suku Kamoro, Timika
NCDS: National Centre for Development Studies, ANU, Canberra [formerly DSC].
NGC: New Guinea Collection, Michael Somare Library, University of Papua New Guinea, Waigani.
NRI: National Research Institute, Port Moresby [formerly IASER].
RSPAS: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU, Canberra, [formerly RSPacS]
RSPacS: Research School of Pacific Studies [now RSPAS].
SDSC: Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, ANU.
UPNG: University of Papua New Guinea, Waigani.
WALHI: Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia, Jakarta.
Journal abbreviations
A: Australian (Daily, Melbourne)
ABM: Australian Business Monthly (Monthly, Sydney)
ABR: Asian Business Review (Monthly, Sydney)
AFR: Australian Financial Review (Daily, Melbourne)
BRW: Business Reveiw Weekly (Weekly, Melbourne)
FEER: Far Eastern Economic Review (Weekly, Hong Kong).
IB: Islands Business (Monthly, Suva) [IBP since January 1991].
IBP: Islands Business Pacific (Monthly, Suva) [formerly IB]
JPH: Journal of Pacific History (Canberra).
PEB: Pacific Economic Bulletin (Canberra)
PIM: Pacific Islands Monthly (Monthly, Suva)
PC: Papua New Guinea Post-Courier (Daily, Port Moresby)
SMH: Sydney Morning Herald (Daily, Sydney).
Times of PNG: TImes of Papua New Guinea (Weekly, Port Moresby)
Tiras: Tiras (Weekly, Jakarta)
WA: Weekend Australian (Melbourne).

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SHORTCUTS TO SECTION OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHY

AAA | BBB | CCC | DDD | EEE | FFF | GGG | HHH | III | JJJ | KKK | LLL | MMM

NNN | OOO | PPP | QQQ | RRR | SSS | TTT | UUU | VVV | WWW | XXX | YYY | ZZZ

Industry Quarterly and Annual Reports, Newsletters and Magazines

Film and Television

Radio



AAA

Acton, L.C. and W.N.Key  1981. 'Production begins at Ertsberg East copper mine.' Mining Engineering July 1981, 33(7):787-796.

Adams, B.W.  1973. 'The Ertsberg project.' Mining Magazine 129(10):310-323.

Aditjondro, George J.  1982. 'Dapatkah Soroako dan Tembagapura menjadi pusat perkembangan daerah?' Prisma August 1982, 11(8):47-64.

Aditjondro, George J.  1985. 'Air bersih untuk Akimuga.' Kabar Dari Kampung Oktober 1985, 3(17):20.

Aditjondro, George J. 1988. ‘The longest sewerage in the world: the Aijkwa river and the legacy of an American mining company in a Third World country.’  Ithaca, 15 December 1988. Ts, 14pp.

*Aditjondro, George J. 1989. Article on Freeport Copper Mine. World Rivers Review January/February 1989. [nh NL, nh ANU] [ = publication of 1988 paper?]

*Aditjondro, George J.  1989. 'Copper mining may disrupt ecology and communities.' Impact (Manila) August 1989, pp.9-10. [nh ANU - try NL]

Aditjondro, George J.  1990b. 'The polluted Ajikwa River: legacy of multinational mining.' Inside Indonesia 25:21-22.

Aditjondro, George J.  1995. 'Korban-korban suku Amungme & Dani tahun 1977.' Internet communication, 31 October 1995.

The Age  1995. 'Military denies kill claim.' The Age (Melbourne), 20 August 1995, p.13. [Timika]

The Age  1995. 'Neighbourhood violence.' The Age (Melbourne), 4 September 1995, p.13. [Timika]

The Age  1996. 'Strictly private - ghost of Bougainville - RTZ-CRA.' The Age (Melbourne), 13 March 1996.

Aglionby, John  1996. 'Investors ignore abuses and dive into Indonesia.' The Guardian (UK) 14 May 1996, p.17. [RTZ]

Ali, Muklis  1991. 'Jakarta expects new Freeport contract by mid-year.' Reuters news brief, 25 April 1991.

Ali, Muklis  1993. 'Freeport plans gold, copper boost in Irian Jaya.' Reuters news brief, 13 September 1993.

Ali, Muklis  1996. 'U.S. miner to meet Indonesians over grouses.' Reuters news brief, 12 April 1996.

Allen, John M., Gary J.Artmont and Ken Palmer  1995. 'Application of alluvial gold mineralogy to exploration of the Central Ranges, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.' In J.L.Mauk and J.D.St George (eds.) Pacrim Congress 1995, Auckland, New Zealand, 19-22 November 1995: proceedings of the 1995 PACRIM Congress. Melbourne: AIMM, pp.7-12.

Almazan, Alec  1994. 'Indon copper mine company charters Danish cargo ship.' Business Times (Singapore), Reuters news brief, 15 June 1994.

American Metal Market  1996. 'Freeport Indonesia: Indonesian government to review Freeport audit.' American Metal Market, 16 April 1996. Reuters news brief, 30 April 1996.

Amnesty International  1995. Irian Jaya: National Commission on Human Rights confirms violations. ASA 21/47/95, September 1995. 13pp. London: Amnesty International.

Amnesty International  1996. Full justice? Military trials in Irian Jaya. ASA 21/17/96, March 1996. 6pp.. London: Amnesty International.

Anon.  1996. 'The defenseless people of Timika and Tembagapura, Irian Jaya "under attack" from thousands of Indonesian troops.' Translation from Indonesian original, reg.westpapua, 11 April 1996.

Anon.  n.d.(1996). 'Copper mining in West Papua.' Case study available at <http://gurukul.ucc.american.edu/TED/IRIAN.HTM>.

Antara  1995. 'Timika jadi pilot proyek pembangunan terpadu di Irja.' Antara News Wire Services, 18 December 1995, pp.C9-C10. ("Timika proud to be a pilot project of integrated development in Irian Jaya")

Anti-Slavery Society  1990. West Papua: plunder in paradise. Indigenous Peoples and Development Series Report No.6. London: Anti-Slavery Society. [pp.72-74]

Arasu, K.T.  1994. 'Two groups vie for Indonesian copper project.' Reuters news brief, 15 July 1994.

Arasu, K.T.  1995. 'Freeport Indonesia to complete sales this year.' Reuters news brief, 1 March 1995.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Indonesia copper town calm but tense after riots.' Reuters news brief, 11 March 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Irian riots not seen undermining investments.' Reuters news brief, 12 March 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Irian violence highlights resentment, aspirations.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Freeport says to stay in Indonesia despite riots.' Reuters news brief, 9 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Indonesian army officer kills 15 in shooting spree.' Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Distraught Indonesian soldier kills 14 in Irian.' Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Indonesia army lowers toll to 14 in Irian shooting.' Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Sixteen said killed in Irian airport shootings.' Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Indonesian soldiers given full military burial.' Reuters news brief, 16 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Indonesia probes killing of 15 in Irian shooting.' Reuters news brief, 16 April 1996.

Arasu, K.T.  1996. 'Indonesian council sparks hope for Irian stability.' Reuters news brief, 14 June 1996.

Ashworth, Jon  1996. 'Mining chief with a mountain to climb - profile - a working week for Robert Wilson.' The Times (UK), 23 March 1996.

Asian Journal of Mining  1995. ‘The conquest of copper mountain.’ Asian Journal of Mining March/April 1995, Indonesia Supplement, pp.35-38.

*Asian Journal of Mining  1996? ‘Freeport Indonesia: expansion at Asia’s greatest mine.’ Asian Journal of Mining July/August 1996???

Asian Wall Street Journal  1991. 'Freeport Indonesia awarded 50 year mining licence for Irian Jaya development.' Asian Wall Street Journal 21 June 1991. Reuters news brief.

Asiaweek  1993. ‘The find that paid off big.’ Asiaweek 27 January 1993, 19(4):49. [Grasberg]

Asiaweek  1995. 'Human rights watchdog: shedding light on a military atrocity in Irian Jaya.' Asiaweek 29 September 1995, 21(39):43. [Hoea]

Austin, Roger  n.d.  ‘Mining and community development.’ Unpublished conference paper, 10pp. [Paper by Freeport staff]

Austin American Chronicle  1995. 'Freeport time line.' Austin American Chronicle 10 November 1995, pp.18,22,24-27.

Austin Chronicle  1996. 'Freeport sued for $6 billion.' Austin Chronicle 3-9 May 1996. [Beanal]

The Australian  1995. 'Irian Jaya rights enquiry.' A 30 August 1995, p.13.

The Australian  1996. 'Freeport mines reopen after riots.' A 15 March 1996, p.7.

The Australian  1996. 'Freeport mine in Irian Jaya reopens.' A 15 March 1996, p.25.

Australian Council for Overseas Aid  1995. Trouble at Freeport: eyewitness accounts of West Papuan resistance to the Freeport-McMoRan mine in Irian Jaya, Indonesia and Indonesian military repression, June 1994 - Feburary 1995. Edited by Pat Walsh. 11pp. Melbourne: ACFOA. 5 April 1995.

Australian Council for Overseas Aid  1995. 'New report alleges human rights abuses in Freeport mine area of Irian Jaya.' Press release 3/95, ACFOA, 5 April 1995.

Australian Council for Overseas Aid  1995. 'More human rights abuse in Freeport mine area of Irian Jaya.' Press release 11/95, ACFOA, 29 August 1995.

Australian Council for Overseas Aid  1996. 'Foreign Minister urged to raise Irian Jaya concerns.' Press release, ACFOA, 15 April 1996.

Australian Stock Exchange Feed  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX.AX) response to erroneus news wire reports.' Australian Stock Exchange Feed, 3 July 1996.

Australian Stock Exchange Feed  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX.AX) quarterly cash dividends declared.' Australian Stock Exchange Feed, 4 July 1996.

Australian Stock Exchange Feed  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX.AX) response to press release re Kwamki Lama.' Australian Stock Exchange Feed, 22 July 1996.

Australian Stock Exchange Feed  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX.AX) reports second quarter and six months 1996 results.' Australian Stock Exchange Feed, 23 July 1996.

Australian Stock Exchange Feed  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX.AX) elects new board member.' Australian Stock Exchange Feed, 6 August 1996.

Australian Stock Exchange Feed  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX.AX) form 8-K: Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold initiates delineation drilling of the Kucing Liar prospect, updates exploration activities.' Jones, Walker, Waechter, Poitevent Carrere and Denegre form 8-K dated 30 September 1996, enclosing PTFI Press Release dated 18 September 1996. Australian Stock Exchange Feed, 6 October 1996.

Australian West Papua Association  1995. West Papua Information Kit. Sydney: Australian West Papua Association. [pp.17-18]

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BBB

*Baker, M.  1978a. 'War in the jungle.' The Age 26 April 1978, p.1.

*Baker, M.  1978b. 'The jungle war for a free West Papua.' The Age 27 April 1978, p.9.

BAPPEDA Propinsi Irian Jaya and PT Freeport Indonesia  199*. Rencana Detail tata Ruang Daerah Aliran Sungai Komoro, Aykwa, Minajerwi dan Mawati (RDTR).

Barker, Geoffrey  1995. 'Indonesian Army "kills 37" in protest over Irian Jaya mine.' AFR 6 April 1995, p.10.

Barker, Geoffrey  1995. 'Indonesia admits casualties.' AFR 11 April 1995, p.6.

*Barker, Geofrrey  1995. 'Habibie defends human rights record.' AFR 31 May 1995.

Barker, Geoffrey  1995. 'Business as usual after massacre.' AFR 8 September 1995, p.19.

Barker, Geoffrey  1995. 'Keating and Downer clash over Irian rights.' AFR 1 September 1995.

Barker, Geoffrey  1996. 'Freeport calls for NGO help.' AFR 25 April 1996.

Barker, Geoffrey and Greg Earl  1995. 'Evans urges embassy probe into mine killings report.' AFR 7 April 1995, p.12.

Barski, Andy  1996. 'Breathtaking moments in the wetlands of Amamapare.' Jakarta Post 24 March 1996.

Barski, Andy  1996. 'Exploring the untouched rain forests of Irian Jaya.' Jakarta Post 24 March 1996. [Timika, Sheraton]

Beall, John V.  1970. 'Indonesia.' Mining Engineering August 1970, 22(8):53-55.

Beals, Ralph E. and Malcolm Gillis  1980a. 'The evolution of Indonesian hard-mineral agreements, 1967-1977.' Natural Resources Forum 4(4):341-358. [pp.344, 349: Freeport]

Beals, Ralph E. and Malcolm Gillis  1980b. 'Mineral agreements with multinational firms: tax and investment issues.' In Malcolm Gillis and Ralph E.Beals Tax and Investment Policies for Hard Minerals: public and multinational enterprises in Indonesia. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger, pp.113-135.

Beanal, Thomas  1991a. Selayang pandang perkembangan masyarakat Amungme, berkaitan dengan kehadiran perusahan pertambangan tembaga, Freeport Indonesia Incorporated. 4 January 1991, Kwamki Lama. 15pp. [“A bird's eye view of the development of the Amungme community in relation to the the presence of the copper-mining company, Freeport Indonesia Inc.”]

Beanal, Thomas  1991b. A Bird's Eye View of the Development of the Amungme Community in Relation to the Copper Mining Company, Freeport Indonesia Inc. 4 January 1991, Kwamki Lama. 15pp. [Translation of Beanal (1991a).]

Beanal, Thomas  1992a. 'Environmental impact of mining activity in the Timika area and its surroundings (Irian Jaya).' Written October 1992. In PNLH Draft Report, pp.37-39.

Beanal, Thomas  1992b. A Glimpse of the Amungme Community Development in Relation to the Presence of the Copper Mining Company Freeport Indonesia Incorporated. December 1992. 18pp.

Beanal, Thomas  1993a. Speech addressed before the participants in a conference held on 14 October 1993, in Jakarta. 2pp.

Beanal, Thomas  1993b. Tanggapan atas pemberitaan Tifa Irian minggu ke IV. Oktober 1993 tentang pemerintah tetap menghargai hak masyarakat Mimika-Agimugah, oleh: Kakanwil BPN Irian Jaya. [Letter to Tifa Irian in response to an article in Tifa Irian, 4th Week, October 1993, titled "The Government continues to appreciate rights of the Mimika-Agimugah people", by Kakanwil BPN Irian Jaya.]

Beanal, Thomas  1993c. Letter to Tifa Irian in response to an article in Tifa Irian, 4th Week, October 1993, titled "The Government continues to appreciate rights of the Mimika-Agimugah people", by Kakanwil BPN Irian Jaya. 28 October 1993, Timika. 3pp. [Translation of Beanal (1993b).]

Beanal, Thomas  1995. Pernyataan Tom Beanal. Statement to PT Freeport Indonesia, 7 July 1995. 1p. [Statement by Tom Beanal.]

Beanal, Thomas  1996. Civil Action Complaint Against Freeport McMoRan, Inc and Freeport McMoRan Copper and Gold, Inc. 14pp. Filed at the United States District Court, Eastern District for Louisiana by Regan, Manasseh and Boshea, PLC. 14pp.

Beanal, Thomas  1996. Address at Loyola University, New Orelans, Luoisiana, USA, 23 May 1996. Internet communication, reg.westpapua 23 June 1996.

Belshaw, Cyril  1996. Letter to Forbes. ASAONET list, 13 May 1996. [McMenamin]

Bennett, David  1992a. 'Post shakeout gold interest warms.' The Miner September 1992, pp.21, 23.

Berita Oikoumene  1981. 'Karyawan FI asal Irja minta nasibnya diperhatikan.' Berita Oikoumene Mei 1981, 61:9-10. [“Freeport Indonesia’s local Irianese employees ask that their problems be considered.”]

Bock, Ellen  1996. Undermining the Future: corporate activity, indigenous peoples and the state in the Papuan region. Paper for Post-Graduate Diploma in International Relations and Development, Institute of Social Studies, Den Haag, Netherlands. 53pp.

Bohane, Ben  1995. 'The Stone Age war on our doorstep.' SMH 30 December 1995.

Bohane, Ben  1996. 'Rebel with a cause: an Irian Jaya separatist speaks from his New Guinea hideout.' Asiaweek 9 February 1996, pp.34-35. [Kwalik]

*Bowen, Mark  1997. ‘Behind the Indonesian veil.’ Climbing (Carbondale, Colorado) 15 September - 1 November 1997, 171:90ff, 174.

BBC Monitoring Service  1993. 'PT Freeport holds 730m tonnes of copper reserves.'  BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Antara news agency, 8 May 1993. Reuters news brief, 19 May 1993.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'BBC confirms Freeport killings.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Forest Networking news brief, 22/*23 May 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Australia investigates alleged killings by Indonesian armed forces in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Reuters news brief, 31 May 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Irian Jaya villagers reportedly victimized by Free Papua Movement.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Reuters news brief, 21 July 1995. [Hoea]

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Australian Ambassador raises Irian Jaya deaths.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Reuters news brief, 21 July 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Australian Ambassador raises Irian Jaya deaths.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Reuters news brief, 2 August 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Cholera epidemic claims 22 lives in Irian Jaya.' Source: Antara News Agency, 11 August 1995. BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Reuters news brief, 14 August 1995. [Kwamki Lama]

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'NGO activists lodge complaint over human rights abuses in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Suara Pembaruan, Jakarta, 15 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 17 August 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Irian Jaya demonstrators stage protest in Jakarta.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 28 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 29 August 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Catholic church alleges May killings by troops in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 29 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 30 August 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Foreign Minister Evans "disturbed" by allegations of Irian Jaya killings.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 30 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 31 August 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Australia urges Indonesia to investigate Irian Jaya killings.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 29 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 31 August 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Australia presses Indonesia on Irian Jaya human rights.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 30 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 1 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Armed Forces chief promises no cover-up of Irian Jaya incidents.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 1 September 1995. Reuters news brief, 4 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Irian Jaya commander discusses insurgency and rights abuses.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Suara Pembaruan, 9 September 1995. Reuters news brief, 12 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Army chief - Irian Jaya secure; army should not be judged by Timika incident alone.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Suara Pembaruan, 13 September 1995. Reuters news brief, 15 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'USA investigating human rights abuses near Irian Jaya mine.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 17 September 1995. Reuters news brief, 18 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Armed forces to investigate deaths.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 16 September 1995. Reuters news brief, 18 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Army chief - no need for probe into military actions in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 25 September 1995. Reuters news brief, 25 September 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Australian Foreign Ministry report criticizes Indonesian human rights record.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 26 October 1995. Reuters news brief, 27 October 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Four soldiers arrested over deaths in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: 29 October 1995. Reuters news brief, 30 October 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Official investigation into Irian Jaya shootings to begin 1st November.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Kompas, 30 October 1995. Reuters news brief, 31 October 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'Indonesian military questions 13 soldiers over Irian Jaya deaths.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 5 November 1995. Reuters news brief, 7 November 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'President Suharto warns mining companies on environmental damage.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 5 December 1995. Reuters news brief, 6 December 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1995. 'President Suharto defends extension of operating permit for Irian Jaya mine.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 5 December 1995. Reuters news brief, 7 December 1995.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Prosecutor calls for jail for officer accused of human rights violations.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 9 February 1996. Reuters news brief, 12 February 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Indonesian officer jailed for human rights violations in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 15 February 1996. Reuters news brief, 16 February 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Tribal council urges fresh investigation into Irian Jaya killings.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 4 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 6 March 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Riot in Irian Jaya forces closure of copper mine.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 11 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 12 March 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Security forces arrest seven suspects linked to mine riots.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Antara News Agency, 12 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Armed forces "handling" riot at Irian Jaya mine.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Antara News Agency, 12 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Freeport mine to reopen following rioting.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 13 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Official rules out closure of disputed Freeport mine.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Antara News Agency, 18 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 20 March 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Mining company completing social impact report under pressure from Jakarta.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 8 April 1996. Reuters news brief, 10 April 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Twelve killed in shooting incident in Irian Jaya.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 15 April 1996. Reuters news brief, 16 April 1996. [KOPASSUS, Timika]

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Environmentalists question survey of Irian Jaya mine.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 24 April 1996. Reuters news brief, 25 April 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Freeport mine spokesman defends firm's involvement with Indonesian army.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 24 April 1996. Reuters news brief, 26 April 1996.

BBC Monitoring Service  1996. 'Irian Jaya tribal leader refiles lawsuit against US mining company.' BBC Monitoring Service: Asia-Pacific. Source: Radio Australia, 18 May 1996. Reuters news brief, 20 May 1996. [Tom Beanal]

Broek, Evelien van den  1996. 'West Papua on fire.' Pacific News Bulletin April 1996, 11(4):8-10.

Brookes, Terry  1996. 'Freeport and RTZ: complicity in crime in West Papua.' Higher Values: the Minewatch bulletin April 1996, No.8, 3pp..

Brown, Owen  1995. 'Aid group accuses Indons of Irian Jaya atrocities.' AAP News briefing, 6 April 1995.

Bryce, Robert  1995. 'Aid canceled for gold project in Indonesia.' N.Y.Times 2 November 1995. [OPIC]

Bryce, Robert  1995. 'Freeport's motherlode.' The Austin Chronicle 10 November 1995, pp.18,22.

Bryce, Robert  1995. 'Austin and Indonesia.' The Texas Observer 17 November 1995, pp.5-7.

Bryce, Robert  1995. 'Environmental liability.' The Texas Observer 17 November 1995, pp.8-9. [OPIC]

Bryce, Robert  1996. 'Struck by a golden spear.' The Guardian 17 January 1996.

Bryce, Robert  1996. 'Tribal leader, Freeport land in court: free trip to New Orleans.' Austin Chronicle 31 May 1996. [Beanal]

Budiardjo, Carmel and Liem Soei Liong  1988. West Papua: the obliteration of a people. 3rd Edition. Thornton Heath, Surrey: TAPOL. [Chapter 3: The Plunder of Resources]

Business Times  1991. 'Bakrie plans to buy Freeport stake.' Business Times (Singapore) 5 September 1991, Reuters news brief.

Business Times  1991. 'Petrokimia, Freeport in copper smelting venture.' Business Times (Singapore) 31 October 1991, Reuters news brief.

Business Times  1992. 'Government gives 3 foreign firms minerals contracts.' Business Times (Singapore) 4 January 1992, Reuters news brief.

Business Times  1992. 'Bakrie Group to merge some of its firms.' Business Times (Singapore) 30 January 1992, Reuters news brief.

Business Times  1992. 'Indon Kretek giant and owners pay most tax.' Business Times (Singapore) 5 February 1992, Reuters news brief.

Business Week  1995. 'Gold rush in New Guinea.' Business Week 20 November 1995, pp.66,68.

Business Wire  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. affiliate initials new contract of work with Government of Indonesia.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 18 June 1991.

Business Wire  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. operating unit signs new contract of work with Government of Indonesia.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 30 December 1991.

Business Wire  1992. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold increases ownership interst in operating subsidiary.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 23 December 1992.

Business Wire  1993. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. signs letter of intent for infrastructure program.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 25 January 1993.

Business Wire  1993. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold confirms annual production volumes despite temporary ore pass blockage.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 10 June 1993.

Business Wire  1994. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold to proceed with plans for Indonesian smelter.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 2 April 1994.

Business Wire  1994. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. completes second sale of infrastructure assets.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 7 September 1994.

Business Wire  1995. 'Stephen M.Jones named to Freeport Indonesia executive position.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 8 November 1994.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. receives Indonesian government approval of FCX/RTZ joint venture.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 31 March 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold announces update of exploration activities.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 15 May 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan spinoff to trigger changes in S&P 500, S&P Midcap 400, and S&P Smallcap 600 indices.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief,10 July 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. announces S&P 500 listing.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 12 July 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. reports second-quarter and six-months 1995 results.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 25 July 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. elects new board members and officers.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 2 August 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. commences commission-free shareholder sales plans.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 15 August 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. announces new common stock dividend policy.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 13 September 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. extends commission-free shareholder sales plans.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 15 September 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. reports third-quarter and nine-months 1995 results.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 24 October 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. announces that ticker symbol for its Class B common stock will be "FCX".' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 8 November 1995.

Business Wire  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. announces increase to proved and probable reserves.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 5 December 1995.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. announces fourth-quarter and year-end 1995 results.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 23 January 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold updates exploration actitivies .' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 26 February 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold expects to resume mine/mill operations shortly .' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 13 March 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold resumes min/mill operations.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 14 March 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold engages Bechtel Corporation for engineering services related to its expansion project.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 22 March 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. declares quarterly cash dividends on.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 4 April 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. makes announcements.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 15 April 1996.

Business Wire  1996. Untitled posting re Freeport. Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 26 April 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Independent audit recognizes positive impact of P.T.Freeport Indonesia's social programs and makes recommendations for improvement.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 5 June 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. declares quarterly cash dividends on.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 3 July 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. reports second quarter and six months results.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 23 July 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc. realizes total aggregate proceeds of $97.2 million from sale of put option contracts.' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, 16 August 1996.

Business Wire  1996. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc..' Business Wire. Reuters newsbrief, July 1996.

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CCC

Caldwell, A.Blake  1970. 'Ertsberg - a gigantic base metal outcrop.' Mining Engineering August 1970, 22(8):56-61.

*California Mining Journal  1990. 'Update on mining in Indonesia.' California Mining Journal 1 February 1990. [nh NL]

*California Mining Journal  1993. 'Freeport reports on exploration in Indonesia.' California Mining Journal 1 August 1993, 61(12):58. [nh NL]

Canberra Times  1995. 'Irian Jaya claims.' Canberra Times 20 August 1995, p.7.

Caruana, Lou  1994. 'Miners target "rim of fire".' ABR May 1994, pp.68-70.

Caruana, Lou  1995. 'Cashing in on the region's mighty mining boom.' Asia Business Review May 1995, pp.60-61.

Cendrawasih Pos  1995. ‘”Kita bertekad membangun tanpa merusak”. Pak Harto: bukan karena ditakut-takuti atau dipaksa pihak luar.' Cendrawasih Pos 6 Desember 1995, pp.1,7.

Cendrawasih Pos  1996. '3,000 villagers attack Tembagapura.' Cendrawasih Pos 11 March 1996.

*Cendrawasih Pos  1997. 'Pengujian air sungai Ajkwa supaya diulang.' Cendrawasih Pos 7 Juli 1997, pp.1,7.

Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) et al.  1995. 'Stop Freeport Mine's destruction of Irian Jaya biodiversity.' NGO statement at Biodiversity Convention Conference of Parties II. CIEL, WALHI et al., 14 November 1995.

Chan, Gabrielle and Patrick Walters  1995. 'Evans calls for inquiry into Irian Jaya deaths.' A 31 August 1995, p.3.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1995. 'World Bank arm insures destructive mining from Peru to Indonesia.' Internet communication, Racial-Religious-Ethnonationalist Violence Studies list (revs@csf.coloradu.edu), 15 August 1995.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1995. 'In major shake-up, World Bank sharpens private sector focus, examines mine abuses.' Written 6 December 1995. Internet communication, ASAONET, 20 December 1995.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1995. 'US mining giant implicated in Indonesian atrocities.' PNG Rainforest Campaign News, 21 December 1995.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'A copper mine of death, or misplaced blame?' EarthWINS Daily #92, 16 February 1996.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'Copper mine accused by Freeport landowners.' Uni Tavur (Waigani, PNG) 23 February 1996, p.8.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'Riot shuts down world's largest gold mine.' Interpress Third World News Agency, 13 March 1996.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'Indonesian tribe sues Freeport-McMoRan, alleging "eco-terrorism".' AP, 30 April 1996. [Beanal]

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'Indigenous peoples say mining destroys land and lives.' Interpress Third World News Agency, 16 May 1996.

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'Lawsuit against world's largest gold mine begins.' Interpress Third World News Agency, 26 May 1996. [Beanal]

Chatterjee, Pratap  1996. 'Indonesian tribesmen reject Freeport Trust-Fund offer.' AP, Jakarta. Conference reg.westpapua, 2 July 1996.

Chemical Marketing Reporter  1992. 'Freeport plans mining project in Indonesia.' Chemical Marketing Reporter 8 October 1992, 242(11). Chemical Business Newsbase, Reuters news brief.

Chemical Week  1970. 'Going afar for bigger profits.' Chemical Week 17 June 1970, 106(24):67-69.

Clancy, J.  1995. 'New Indonesian atrocities.' Apakabar, 30 August 1995.

Clark, John  1995. 'Freeport McMoRan: giving something back (and it's toxic!).' Delta Greens Quarterly Fall 1995, 40:1-3.

*Cockburn, Alexander  1996. ‘Rebellion at Freeport.’ The Nation 8-14 April 1996.

Cockburn, Alexander  1996. ‘Cockburn replies.’ The Nation 12-19 August 1996, p.24. [Egan]

Cohen, Margot  1995. 'Cautious cooperation.' FEER 16 November 1995, 158(46):67,70. [WALHI]

Colchester, Marcus  1986. 'The struggle for land: tribal peoples in the face of the Transmigration Program.' The Ecologist 16(2/3):99-110.

Collett-White, Mike  1996. 'RTZ-CRA under fire on environmental, social issues.' Reuter news brief, 8 May 1996.

*Collier, Bill  1992?  Series of articles on Freeport Indonesia. Austin American Statesman, 1992.

Construction News  1992. 'Digging for gold.' Construction News 17 December 1992, Reuters news brief. [Fluor Daniel]

*Cook, Carolyn  1995. The Amung Way: the subsistence strategies, the knowledge and the dilemma of the Tsinga Valley people in Irian Jaya, Indonesia. PhD thesis, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.

Cornelius, Jason with Max Watts  1995. 'West Papua: "They kill us to get our resources".' Green Left Weekly 27 September 1995, p.20.

Craven, Edward  1975.  'Mineral resources: a discussion about an Irian Jaya experience.' In B.Farrell (ed), pp.60-68.

Cummings, W.S.  1986. 'Cairns airport a major gateway.' AFR 7 February 1986, p.15 (Letter).

Cunningham, William H.  1995. 'Cunningham replies.' The Texas Observer 29 September 1995, p.4.

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DDD

Dagens Industri  1993. 'Svedala unit wins mill order.' Dagens Industri 8 May 1993, Reuters news brief.

Daily Telegraph  1996. 'Indonesia olive branch.' Daily Telegraph 15 April 1996, Reuter news brief.

Dames & Moore  1996. PTFI Environmental Audit Report / Laporan Audit Lingkungan PTFI. Jakarta: Dames & Moore. 25 March 1996.

Dames &Moore  1996. Untitled summary of environmental audit of PT Freeport Indonesia. Jakarta: Dames & Moore. 19 April 1996.

Davis, Mark  1992. 'Irian Jaya's pot of gold.' BRW 23 October 1992, pp.118-125.

Davis, Mark  1992. 'Nearest thing to hell on earth.' BRW 23 October 1992, p.122.

Davis, Mark  1995. 'RTZ casts eagle eye over Freeport mine.' BRW 5 June 1995, 17(21):45-46.

Defert, Gabriel  1994. 'Dieu et Mammon regnent sur l'Irian-Jaya.' Le Monde Diplomatique July 1994.

Della-Giacoma, Jim  1995. 'Indonesian commission to probe Irian Jaya deaths.' Reuters news brief, 14 August 1995.

Dick, Gerry  1984/85. 'Where the Ice Age lingers.' Panorama December 1984 - January 1985, No.31: 9-15.

Dick, John  1990. Freeport Indonesia Inc. Tembagapura Copper-Gold Project, Irian Jaya. Report on Site Visit, May 18th - 23rd, 1990. Review of Environmental River Study, 1990. Recommendations for ANDAL Report. EMDI Project. May 1990. 20pp.

*Djakarta Times  1967. 'Government agrees first foreign capital investment.' The Djakarta Times 4 April 1967, p.1.

Dow Jones  1991. 'Freeport Indonesia negotiates contract of work with Ministry of Mines and Energy.' Dow Jones News Service, 18 June 1991.

Dow Jones  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper finds additional ore in Indonesia.' Dow Jones News Service, 17 September 1991.

Dow Jones  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper venture signs Indonesian pact.' Dow Jones News Service, 30 December 1991.

Dow Jones  1992. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold ore reserves up 59% since May.' Dow Jones News Service, 7 January 1992.

Dow Jones  1992. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper unit to boost ore production.' Dow Jones News Service, 14 February 1992.

Dow Jones  1996. 'Indonesia tribal leader mulls withdrawing suit vs Freeport.' Dow Jones News Service, 2 May 1996. [Beanal]

Dow Jones  1996. Untitled article on Beanal law suit. Dow Jones News Service, 5 July 1996. [Beanal]

Down to Earth  1989. 'Mining.' Down to Earth 2:14-15.

Down to Earth  1989. 'Mining the mountains.' Down to Earth 5:10.

Down to Earth  1989. 'Freeport may build smelter.' Down to Earth 5:10-11.

Down to Earth  1989. 'Going for gold in Indonesia.' Down to Earth 6:8.

Down to Earth  1989. 'Poised to plunder in Western New Guinea.' Down to Earth 6:8.

Down to Earth  1989. 'More exploration for Freeport.' Down to Earth 6:8.

Down to Earth  1990. 'Freeport.' Down to Earth 7:12.

Down to Earth  1990. 'Eastern Indonesia's minerals on offer.' Down to Earth 9:3-4.

Down to Earth  1990. 'Freeport study for SE Asia expansion.' Down to Earth 9:5-6.

Down to Earth  1990. 'Collision course! Destructive development in Western New Guinea.' Down to Earth 10:1-2.

Down to Earth  1991. 'Freeport under fire.' Down to Earth 12:8-9.

Down to Earth  1991. 'Freeport on the defensive.' Down to Earth May 1991, 13:10.

Down to Earth  1991. 'More exploration in Western New Guinea.' Down to Earth 13:11.

Down to Earth  1991. 'Thirty more years of Freeport.' Down to Earth 14:6-7.

Down to Earth  1991. 'Who will own the new Freeport Indonesia?' Down to Earth 14:8.

Down to Earth  1991. 'Freeport's open policy exposed.' Down to Earth 15:4-6.

Down to Earth  1992. 'New gold venture for Western New Guinea.' Down to Earth 16:13.

Down to Earth  1992. 'The downstream impact of Freeport's mine.' Down to Earth September 1992, 18:1-2.

Down to Earth  1993. 'Copper and gold US joint-venture in Western New Guinea.' Down to Earth 20/21:20.

Down to Earth  1993. 'Freeport to increase copper reserves.' Down to Earth 22:13.

Down to Earth  1994. 'Mining.' Down to Earth 24:16-17. [Eastern Irja Mining]

Down to Earth  1995. 'Freeport in West Papua.' Down to Earth 25:1-4.

Down to Earth  1995. 'Freeport: 37 deaths confirmed.' Down to Earth 25:13.

Down to Earth  1995. 'RTZ Annual General Meeting.' Down to Earth 25:13.

Down to Earth  1996. 'Freeport/RTZ on the defensive.' Down to Earth February 1996, 28:13-14.

Down to Earth  1996. 'West Papua in turmoil.' Down to Earth August 1996, 29/30:13-15.

Downes, David et al.  1995. Stop Freeport Mine's Destruction of Irian Jaya biodiversity: NGO statement at Biodiversity Convention Conference of Parties II, Jakarta, 6-17 November. 14 November 1995.

Dozy, Jean Jacques with D.A.Erdman, W.J.Jong, G.L.Krol and C.Schouten  1939. Geological Results of the Carstenz Expedition 1936. Leidsche Geologische Mededeelingen 11(1):68-131. [Ertsberg]

Dozy, Jean Jacques  1993. 'Explorer revisits Freeport discovery.' The Miner October 1993, p.29.

Drillbits and Tailings  1996. 'Freeport balks at possibility of independent investigation in Indonesia; cancels World Bank insurance: lawyer and activist harrassed as Freeport lawsuit proceeds through courts.' Drillbits and Tailings 1(4), 18 September 1996.

Duff, Audrey  1995. 'Off the desk.' Austin Chronicle 15-21 December 1995. [Egan, Munninghoff]

Duff, Audrey  1996. 'Chronicle sues OPIC.' Austin Chronicle September 1996.

Duval  1996. Judge Duval's ruling text on the Beanal suit against Freeport-McMoRan Inc. et al. Conference reg.westpapua, 5 July 1996.

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EEE

Earl, Greg  1995. 'The miners who dug up a conscience.' AFR 3 May 1995, p.14.

Earl, Greg  1995. 'Cairns gets big business.' AFR 3 May 1995, p.14.

Earl, Greg  1995. 'Inquiry into Irian Jayan killings backs demarcation.' AFR 25 September 1995, p.10.

Earl, Greg  1995. 'Explosive mix on Indonesia's eastern frontier.' AFR 25 October 1995, p.14.

Earl, Greg  1995. 'Foreign miners warned over environment.' AFR 7 December 1995, p.10.

Earl, Greg  1996. 'Rioting spreads in Irian Jaya.' AFR 13 March 1996, p.10.

Earl, Greg  1996. 'Mining to resume as riots quelled.' AFR 14 March 1996, p.12.

Earl, Greg  1996. 'Irian Jaya projects under fire.' AFR 20 March 1996, p.12.

Earl, Greg  1996. 'Freeport "to pay Irian Jaya locals 1% of income".' AFR 15 April 1996.

Earl, Greg  1996. 'Jakarta to force environmental audits on miners.' AFR 22 April 1996.

Earle, Julie  1996. 'Copper rallies as riots shut Grasberg.' A 14 March 1996, p.22.

*Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1992. ‘Freeport: building on solid ground.’ EBRI 11 July  / 7 November 1992. [nh ANU/NL]

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1993. 'Satellite city for Irian Jaya.' EBRI 25 September 1993, 76:25. [Kuala Kencana]

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1995. 'PT Freeport defends its Irian record.' EBRI 16 December 1995, 192:40-41.

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1996. 'Irian Jaya in turmoil: something more than just "security-disturbing".' EBRI 3 April 1996, 192:30-31.

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1996. 'Soldier guns down comrades.' EBRI 1 May 1996, 211:25. [Timika]

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1996. 'PT Freeport Indonesia: environmental audit seeks to clear the air.' EBRI 1 May 1996, 211:29-31.

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1996. 'Freeport pleased with U.S. court ruling.' EBRI 17 July 1996, 222:25. [Beanal]

Economic and Business Review Indonesia  1996. 'RI's first copper smelter to start construction.' EBRI 24 July 1996, 223:26. [Gresik, PT Smelting Company]

The Economist  1995. 'When will the Rio carnival end?' The Economist 29 July 1995, pp.50-51 [RTZ]

The Economist  1996. 'Trouble at mine.' The Economist 339(7962), 20 April 1996, pp.26-27.

Economist Intelligence Unit  1995. 'Freeport sells power unit to free-up funds.' EIU, Business Asia, Reuters news brief, 16 March 1995.

Economist Intelligence Unit  1995. 'USA cuts off Freeport's mining insurance.' EIU, Business Asia, Reuters news brief, 28 November 1995.

Economist Intelligence Unit Crossboarder Monitor  1995. 'Freeport strategy delinks power, mining.' EIU Business Briefing. Reuters news brief, 12 April 1995.

Egan, Thomas J.  1995. 'Freeport McMoRan protests.' The Nation 9 October 1995 (letter).

*Egan, Thomas J.  1995. Letter to Steven Feld, dated 12 October 1995. Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc., New Orleans.

Egan, Thomas J.  1996. ‘We never claimed to be perfect.’ The Nation, 12-19 August 1996, p.2.

Egan, Thomas J.  1998. Letter to Jeremy Hobbs, Community Aid Abroad, dated 2 February 1998. Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc., New Orleans. 8pp.

Elmslie, Jim  1995. Irian Jaya in the 1990's: economic expansion and West Papuan nationalism. Unpublished MA thesis. [pp.78-83: "The Mining Industry", Freeport]

Emerson, Craig, Ross Garnaut and Anthony Clunies Ross  1984. 'Mining taxation in Indonesia.' Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies 20(2):107-121.

*Engineering and Mining Journal  1989. 'Freeport McMoran operates two major gold mines.' Engineering and Mining Journal 190(1):N39. [nh ANU,NL]

Environesia  1990. 'Freeport Indonesia: legacy of multinational mining.' Environesia March 1990, 4(1):3-5.

Erari, Karel Phil, Michael Manufandu and Gustaf Dupe  1995. 'Tanggapan atas Keterangan Pers KOMNAS-HAM Indonesia pada tanggal 22 September 1995.' Press release, Forum kepudilan Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia di Irian Jaya (FKN-HAM di IRJA), 28 September 1995.

European Parliament  1996. Resolution on the Situation in West Papua. 14 March 1996.

Euroweek  1991. 'Loans signed - International Copper Investments Co Ltd - $173m.' Euroweek 25 October 1991. Reuters newsbrief.

Euroweek 1995. 'Loans signed: PT Alatief P&O port development corp - $75m term loan.' Euroweek 31 March 1995, Reuters newsbrief.

Evans, Julian  1996. 'Last stand of the Stone Age.' The Guardian (UK) 24 August 1996, p.20.

Export Sales Prospector  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold - Indonesia - feasibility study.' ESP Report On Engineering Construct & Operations in the Developing World, July 1995. Reuters news brief, 14 August 1995.

Export Sales Prospector  1995. 'RTZ America - feasibility study into propsed 100,000 Mt/Y copper/gold mine project.' ESP Business Opportunities in Asia and the Pacific, July 1995. Reuters news brief, 15 August 1995.

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FFF

Far Eastern Economic Review  1995/96. 'The Freeport files: whatever happened to fair play?' FEER 28 December 1995 & 4 January 1996, 159(1):7.

Far Eastern Economic Review  1996. 'Freeport's guards.' FEER 18 April 1996, 159(16):12.

Far Eastern Economic Review  1996. 'Soldier kills 15.' FEER 25 April 1996, 159(17):13. [Timika]

Far Eastern Economic Review  1996. 'Freeport concessions.' FEER 25 April 1996, 159(17):67.

Far Eastern Economic Review  1996. 'Freeport insurance.' FEER 2 May 1996, 159(18):81.

Far Eastern Economic Review  1996. 'Freeport suit withdrawn.' FEER 16 May 1996, 159(20):81. [Tom Beanal]

Farrand, Tim  1995. 'RTZ Corp profits soar above forecasts.' Reuters news brief, 6 September 1995.

Feeney, Gordon  1996. 'Mining giant faces another Bougainville.' A 19 March 1996, p.51.

Feld, Steven  1995. 'Let's call it Amungme Hall.' Internet communication, March 1995.

Feld, Steven  1995. 'A professor resigns.' The Texas Observer 29 September 1995, 87(19):3-4.

Feld, Steven  1995. 'A visit to West Papua.' The Texas Observer 10 November 1995, pp.2,10.

Feld, Steven  1995. 'Response to Thomas Egan on FM's record.' Text of letter to Thomas J.Egan dated 7 November 1995. Internet communication, 8 November 1995.

Financial Post  1995. ‘Indonesia a mineral hot spot - favourable tax laws make it attractive to outside investors.' Financial Post, 17 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 17 August 1995.

Financial Times  1991. 'Freeport Indonesia struggles to pay dividends.' Financial Times 24 July 1991. Reuters news brief.

Financial Times  1991. 'Freeport McMoRan's Ertzberg-Grasberg: "the world's greatest ore body".' Financial Times 24 July 1991. Reuters news brief.

Financial Times  1992. 'German group close to Indonesian copper deal.' Financial Times 20 February 1992. Chemical Business Newsbase.

Financial Times  1993. 'Double find leads to about-turn - the transformation of Freeport McMoRan.' Financial Times 14 January 1993. Chemical Business Newsbase.

Financial Times  1995. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold - OPIC withdraws mine cover - Irian Jaya waste is degrading rainforest, says US insurance corporation.' Financial Times 8 November 1995. Reuters news brief, 9 November 1995.

Financial Times  1995. 'Freeport uprates reserves at Indonesian copper-gold-silver mine.' Financial Times 6 December 1995. Reuters news brief, 12 December 1995.

Fitchard, Kevin  1995. 'Advertisements aimed at healing Freeport image.' Daily Texan 14 December 1995.

FitzGerald, Barry  1993. 'Dominion shares surge on Minika buy.' SMH 23 April 1993, p.22.

FitzGerald, Barry  1995. 'CRA has $2bn for new fields.' SMH 21 March 1995, p.45. [RTZ]

FitzGerald, Barry  1995. 'Irian Jaya reserve increases.' The Age (Melbourne) 7 December 1995, p.21.

FitzGerald, Barry  1996. 'Sweetener for Freeport.' The Age (Melbourne) 20 September 1996, p.2.

Flannery, Tim  1998. Throwim Way Leg: an adventure. Melbourne: Text Publishing. Reviews in SMH 7 March 1998, pp.17, 9s (Paul Sheehan), Australian 8 April 1998 (Hank Nelson), SMH 21 March 1998 (Bary Dowling).

Flight International  1995. 'World turbine helicopter accidents - PT Freeport Indonesia.' Flight International, 20 September 1995. Reuter Newsbrief.

*Flint, Delos E.  1972. Geology of the Ertsberg Copper Deposit, Irian Barat, Indonesia. Unpublished report, Freeport Indonesia.

Flint, Delos E., F.J.Nelson and R.J.Stuart  1975. 'Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) copper deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.' Mining Engineering 27(12):71 (abstract).

Forbes  1970. 'A Freeport first?' Forbes 1 May 1970, 105(9):34-35.

Ford, Maggie  1991. 'East Java gets ready for industrial boom with focus on Surabaya.' Business Times (Singapore), 26 November 1991. Reuters news brief. [Gresik]

Ford, Maggie  1993. 'Non-oil and gas exports soar by 23pc.' Business Times (Singapore), 8 January 1993. Reuters news brief.

Fox, Julia  1997. ‘Leasing the ivory tower at a social justice university: Freeport McMoRan, Loyola University New Orleans, and corporate greenwashing.’ Organization and Environment September 1997, 10(3):259-277.

Frankel, Mark  1995. 'A mother lode of trouble: killings, legal headaches and a mountain of gold.' Newsweek (with The Bulletin) 19 December 1995, p.63.

*Freeport Indonesia  1973. Ertsberg (Gunung Bijih) proyek tembaga Irian Barat. The West Irian Copper project...: milestone in the economic progress of the Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta: Freeport Indonesia Inc. 20pp. [nh ANU, NL]

Freeport Indonesia  1989. Freeport Indonesia. Brochure. Jakarta: PT Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  1992. Freeport Indonesia. Tembagapura: P.T.Freeport Indonesia. Brochure, 32pp. [In Indonesian]

Freeport Indonesia  1993. P.T.Freeport Indonesia. Affiliate of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold. Brochure. Jakarta: PT Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  1994. New Town: building a future. Brochure. Jakarta: PT Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  1995. '2:48pm medical check-up, free clinic, Banti, Irian Jaya.' FEER 18 May 1995. English version: 'Jam 14.48 pemeriksaan kesehatan bebas biaya, Klinik Banti, Irian Jaya.' Advertisement.

Freeport Indonesia  1995. 'Jam 9.27 pelatihan kerja, sekolah teknik, Tembagapura, Irian Jaya.' English version: ‘9:27am job training, technical school, Tembagapura, Irian Jaya.’ Asian Journal of Mining, March/April 1995, Indonesia Supplement. Advertisement.

Freeport Indonesia  1995. Advertisement. The Jakarta Post 19 December 1995. [Soeharto, Kuala Kencana]

Freeport Indonesia  1996. Press release. 13 April 1996.

Freeport Indonesia  1996. '9:27am employee job training.' FEER 16 May 1996, 159(20):51. Advertisement.

Freeport Indonesia  1996. 'Independent audit recognizes positive impact of PT.Freeport Indonesia's social programs and makes recommendations for improvement.' News Release, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, 5 June 1996. 2pp..

Freeport Indonesia  n.d.(1982?) Tantangan Pertambangan: Mining Challenge. Brochure in Bahasa Indonesia and English. Jakarta: PT Freeport Indonesia. 16pp.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Infokit. Jakarta: PT Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Environmental Audit. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Exploration. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: The Glaciers. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: New Town: Kuala Kencana. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: New Town Land Rights. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Overburden Management. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Public Health and Medical Programs. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Reclamation. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: RKL and RPL Environmental and Social Management and Monitoring. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Socio-Economic and Cultural Programs. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Tailings Management. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Tailings Not Toxic. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Tax. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Timika Environmental Laboratory. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Training, Education and Technology Transfer. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia  n.d. Fast Facts: Waste Management and Recycling. Information sheet. Jakarta: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold  1995. 'See for yourselves: the facts about Freeport-McMoRan.' Advertisement, Austin American Statesman 14 November 1995.

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold  1995. Untitled statement. 2pp.

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold  1995. '"A lie can travel halfway around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes" - Mark Twain.' Advertisement, The New York Times 5 December 1995, p.D5.

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold  1996. 'Independent audit backs Freeport-McMoRan Copper % Gold environmental practices: Dames & Moore study calls tailings management "most suitable".' News Release, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, 19 April 1996.

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold  1996. 'Settlement reached between Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold and Overseas Private Investment Corporation.' News Release, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, 19 April 1996.

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold  1996. 'The facts are in.' Austin American-Statesman 25 April 1996, p.A10 (advertisement). [OPIC, Dames & Moore]

*la Freniere, D.  1972. 'How the birds conquered the mountains.' Engineering and Mining Journal 173(8):82-84. [nh NL]

Friel, Terry  1995. 'Australia urges Irian Jaya massacre investigation.' Reuter news brief, 30 August 1995.

Frith, Damon  1995. 'Richer Grasberg project to expand.' A 7 December 1995, p.25.

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GGG

Garnaut, Ross and Anthony Clunies Ross  1983. Taxation of Mineral Rents. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Chapters 13 and 14: Mineral Rent Taxation in Indonesia and PNG]

Garnaut, Ross and Chris Manning  1974. Irian Jaya: the transformation of a Melanesian economy. Canberra: ANU Press. [Chapter 8: The Enclaves]

Garnaut, Ross and Chris Manning  1979. Perubahan Sosial-Ekonomi di Irian Jaya. Kata Pengantar oleh H.M.Joesoef Singedekane. Diterjemahkan oleh M.Saleh Arief dan Peter Hagul. Jakarta: PT Gramedia. [pp.89-98: Mining and oil]

Gatchalian, Annamarie  1996. 'Freeport has "corporate responsibility".' Interpress Third World News Agency newsbrief, 6 May 1996.

Geni Foundation  1995. 'Tuntutan dan Tanggapan Amungnesorei atas masalah pelanggaran ham terhadap penduduk asli di wilayah P.T.Freeport Indonesia dan hasil temuan KOMNAS HAM.' Yayasan GENI Salatiga. NusaNET, 20 October 1995. ["Demands and response of the Amung Ne Sorei in relation to the problem of human rights violations against the indigenous people living in the area of PT Freeport Indonesia and the results of the findings of the National Human Rights Commission"]

Gersten, Alan  1995. 'Suharto cautions Freeport McMoRan on environment.' The Journal of Commerce 6 December 1995.

Gibbons, Alice  1981. The People Time Forgot. Chicago: The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.

Gietzelt, Dale  1989. 'The Indonesianization of West Papua.' Oceania 59(3):201-222.

Gillis, Malcolm and Ralph E.Beals  1980. Tax and Investment Policies for Hard Minerals: public and multinational enterprises in Indonesia. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing Company.

Gilmore, Matthew  1996. '"We love Kelly Kwalik": Indonesia's other war.' Green Left Weekly 3 April 1996, No.226, p.3.

Globe and Mail  1996. 'Fluor Corp pulls out.' Globe and Mail (Toronto) 24 April 1996, Reuter news brief. [Gresik]

*Goenadi, R.M. and Boeijono  1977. Minerals and Mining in Indonesia. Freeport Indonesia Inc., Gunung Bijih, Irian Jaya, pp.2-7.

Gold Mining Journal  1995. 'Busy month for RTZ Corp.' Gold Mining Journal April 1995, 1(9):36.

Goldsmith, Belinda  1996. 'Pacific Rim seen as hot spot for gold.' Reuters News Brief, 13 March 1996. [Louis Clinton]

Gonnella, Peter  1995. 'Aurora makes first big inroad to gaining greater Indonesian foothold.' Gold Mining Journal April 1995, 1(9):16,19.

*Gonzalez, D.  1994. Geology and Mineralization of the Big Gossan Area, Ertsberg (Gunung Bijih) District, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Texas, Austin.

Grant, Jenny  1995. 'Private group in mission to Irian Jaya.' A 6 September 1995, p.13.

Green Left Weekly  1995. 'Australia's role: mining giant's war on West Papua.' Green Left Weekly 12 April 1995, 183:16-17.

Green Left Weekly  1995. 'West Papuan landowner seeks Australian help.' Green Left Weekly 6 September 1995, 201:15.

Guardian  1996. 'Lobby group mines sarcastic vein of protest.' The Guardian (UK), 3 May 1996, p.19. [RTZ, World Development Movement]

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HHH

Hafidz, Tatik S.  1996. 'Api di bumi cenderawasih: Freeport bersedia meninjau kembali kebijakan operasinya di Irian Jaya.' Tiras 28 Maret 1996, 2(9):71.

Hall, Lincoln  1994. 'The ice-capped jungle.' Out There 2:20-29.

Hancock, David  1996. 'Contractor shows how to seal a deal.' BRW 22 April 1996. [Petrosea, Timika, Betapave]

Handelsblatt  1993. 'Metallgesellschaft plans to build Java copper plant.' Handelsblatt 12 July 1993, Reuters news brief. [Gresik]

Hanggaibak, C.R.  1974. Pengaruh kehadiran Freeport Indonesia Incorporated terhadap perkembangan Masyarakat Amungme: penelitian khusus pada daerah lokasi Freeport Indonesia Corporated dengan daerah dan Masyarakat Amungme, wilayah kecamatan Akimugah dan Mimika Timur, kabupaten Fak Fak. Jayapura: APDN (Akademi Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri). Academic essay.

Harkin, Ruth  1996. Letter to Mr.Mark Doris. 10 June 1996. OPIC, Washington D.C..

Haryanto, Ignatius  1996. 'Amuk kecewa versi Timika.' Forum Keadilan 8 April 1996, 4(26):16.

Hastings, Peter  1978. 'Where the rainclouds have a copper lining.' SMH 18 December 1978.

Hastings, Peter  1978. 'Tarnished side to a copper kingdom.' SMH 20 December 1978.

Haurwitz, Ralph K.M.  1995. 'Freeport says it took part in no abuses in Indonesia.' Austin American Statesman 15 November 1995, pp.B1, B*.

Haurwitz, Ralph K.M.  1995. 'Bishop confirms abuses in Indonesia.' Austin American Statesman 19 November 1995.

Haurwitz, Ralph K.M.  1996. 'Abuses against dissidents up in Indonesia: crackdown against indigenous people in Freeport-McMoRan mining area cited.' Austin American Statesman 9 March 1996, p.A21.

*Hefton, Kristopher K.  1990. Geologic Map of the Big Gossan. Unpublished 1:1000 scale map, Freeport Indonesia.

*Hefton, Kristopher K. and Jay B.Pennington  1993. Stratigraphic Columnar Section, Contract of Work Block "A", P.T.Freeport Indonesia, Ertsberg District, Irian Jaya. Unpublished 1:2000 scale compilation, Freeport Indonesia.

Hefton, Kristopher K., George D.MacDonald, L.Clarke Arnold, Allan L.Schappert and Arturo Ona  1995. 'Copper-gold deposits of the Ertsberg (Gunung Bijih) Mining District, Irian Jaya.' In David Mayes and Peter J.Pollard (eds.), pp.1-43.

Henson, Scott and Tom Philpott  1990. ‘Freeport McMoRan: number one with a toxic bullet.’ The Austin Chronicle 1 June 1990, p.11.

Herriott, Jeff  1983. 'The role of the Indonesian military in Irian Jaya, the transmigration of millions of Javanese settlers to Irian Jaya, and why the issue is so problematic for Australian foreign policy.' Background Briefing, ABC Radio. Transcript, Current Information Section, Department of the Parliamentary Library, Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Hextall, Bruce  1995. 'Miners say Irian copper may rival Escondida.' SMH 16 June 1995, p.31.

Hextall, Bruce  1996. 'Irian mine closure unlikely to be another Bougainville.' SMH 14 March 1996, p.29.

Hextall, Bruce  1996. 'Besieged mine tipped to reopen.' The Age (Melbourne) 14 March 1996.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993a. 'Freeport's mountainous risks, shining rewards.' The Miner May 1993, p.28.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993b. 'Expansion a 10 times scale up.' The Miner May 1993, pp.28,40.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993c. 'The long stagger to the altar.' The Miner May 1993, pp.30-31.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993d. 'Christmas convoy.' The Miner May 1993, p.32.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Allis' Wonderland.' The Miner May 1993, p.34.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Mill expansions are leap-frogging.' The Miner May 1993, p.34.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Tailings reclamation progress.' The Miner May 1993, p.35.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Portsite lifeline one step ahead.' The Miner May 1993, p.35.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Taking care of business.' The Miner May 1993, p.36.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Taking the HEAT road to the snowline.' The Miner May 1993, p.38.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. 'Tribal tribal relations man.' The Miner May 1993, p.40.

Heydon, David and Julian Malnic  1993. '"Elvis" keeps the flag flying.' The Miner May 1993.

Hickey, Bernard  1995. 'Australian aid group alleges Indonesian atrocities.' Reuters news brief, 6 April 1995. [ACFOA]

Hickson, Robin J.  1991. 'Grasberg open-pit: Ertsberg's big brother comes onstream in Indonesia.' Mining Engineering April 1991, 43(4):385-391.

Hill, Jacqueline  1995. 'Selalu, selalu: melihat dibawah layar!' Multi-CAD Magazine May 1995, 3(5):11-14.

Hoed, Hoediatmo  1993. 'Kemitraan Industri Multinasional dalam Pemanfaatan, Penguasaan dan Pengembangan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi di lihat dari perspektif operasi P.T.Freeport Indonesia company.' In Lokakrya Nasional Riset dan Teknologi V/1993, Jakarta, 13-15 Desember 1993. Jakarta: Dewan Riset Nasional.

Hogan, Evelyn  1992. 'Starving on mountains of copper and gold.' Times of PNG 12 March 1992, p.4.

Hongkong Standard  1996. 'Tension rises on Indonesia's wild frontier.' Hongkong Standard 23 September 1996.

*Hook, C.  n.d. Treachery in West Papua. Deventer: Netherlands Foundation Workgroup New Guinea. Cited by Hyndman (1988b:284).

Hope, Geoffrey S. 1977. 'Observations on the history of human usage of subalpine areas near Mt.Jaya.' Irian 6(2):41-72.

Hope, Geoffrey S. and Jeannette H.Hope  1976. 'Man on Mt.Jaya.' In G.S.Hope, J.A.Peterson, U.Radok and I.Allison (eds.) The Equatorial Glaciers of New Guinea: results of the 1971-3 Australian Universities' Expeditions to Irian Jaya. Rotterdam: A.A.Balkema, pp.225-239.

Houck, Oliver A.  1996. 'Major money's influence in Freeport-Indonesia affair.' Times-Picayune 29 February 1996, p.B7.

Howarth, Ian  1995. 'RTZ deal brings CRA back to major leagues of copper.' AFR 13 October 1995, p.45.

Howarth, Ian  1996. 'Record iron ore exports for CRA.' AFR 31 January 1996.

Hunt, Janet  1996. 'Dig up the connection.' FEER 22 February 1996, 159(8):3.

*Hutubarat, Hamonangan  1978. Comparisons of Benefits for Indonesia from Alternative Types of Mineral Agreements for Hard Minerals. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado.

*Hutubarat, Hamonangan  1980. 'Comparisons of terms of agreements for hard-rock minerals in Indonesia.' Paper presented at a Conference on International Mineral Resources Development - Emerging Legal and Institutional Arrangements, organised by the German Foundation for International Development, in co-operation with the United Nations, West Berlin, 11 to 15 August 1980. [nh ANU]

Hyndman, David C.  1988b. 'Melanesian resistance to ecocide and ethnocide: transnational mining projects and the Fourth World on the island of New Guinea.' In J.H.Bodley (ed.) Tribal Peoples and Development Issues. California: Mayfield Publishing Company, pp.281-298.

Hyndman, David C.  1991a. 'Digging the mines in Melanesia.' Cultural Survival Quarterly 15(2):32-39.

Hyndman, David C.  1995. Ancestral Rainforests and the Mountain of Gold: the political ecology of the Wopkaimin of New Guinea. Boulder: Westview Press.

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III

Imanuddin  1995. 'Irian Jaya to become toursim hub.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 1 June 1995. [Sheraton, Timika]

Imanuddin  1995. 'Freeport Indonesia no longer alone.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 17 June 1995.

The Independent  1995. 'Leaked report confirms lack of commitment to Indonesia; West Papua: move to cancel Freeport insurance.' The Independent 16 December 1995, pp.12-13.

*Indonesia Business Weekly  1995. 'Freeport Indonesia: "Irian Jaya's "Engine of development".' Indonesia Business Weekly, 11 June 1993.

Indonesia Business Weekly  1995. 'Freeport McMoRan to sell 18% stake.' Indonesia Business Weekly, 20 March 1995, 3(14):34. [RTZ]

Indonesia Business Weekly  1995. 'Freeport conducts environmental audit.' Indonesia Business Weekly 14 August 1995, 3(35):35.

Indonesia Development News  1984. 'The copper project.' JAIA (Journal of the Australian-Indonesian Association of Victoria) October 1984, pp.12. (Reprinted from Indonesia Development News No.6.)

Indonesia Development News  1991. 'Plans advance for copper smelter in Indonesia.' Indonesia Development News 3 October 1991, Chemical News Base. [Gresik]

Indonesia Development News  1991. 'Gold production increase in Indonesia.' Indonesia Development News 3 October 1991, Chemical News Base.

Indonesia Media Network  1996. 'Subianto brought several Irian Jaya tribal chiefs to Jakarta.' Indonesia Media Network, 19 March 1996, Earthwins Daily #130, 29 March 1996. [Timika riots]

Indonesian Investment Highlights  1996. 'Freeport to carry out expansion.' Indonesian Investment Highlights, 1 February 1996, Reuters news brief, 1 April 1996.

Indonesian Investment Highlights  1996. 'Bob Hasan and PT Freeport to engage in cattle fattening.' Indonesian Investment Highlights, 1 April 1996, Reuters news brief, 5 June 1996.

Indonesian Investment Highlights  1996. 'PT Freeport to escalate copper ore exploration.' Indonesian Investment Highlights, 1 April 1996, Reuters news brief, 5 June 1996.

Indonesian Times  1995. 'Security disturbers scared 1,000 villagers into fleeing.' Indonesia Times 20 April 1995. [Hoea]

INFID  1996. INFID Statement on Freeport McMoRan Mining Operations in Irian Jaya. Statement issued by the International Non-Government Organisation Forum on Indonesian Development (INFID) at the Tenth INFID Conference, 26-28 April 1996, Canberra, Australia.

Inside Indonesia  1989. 'Output up.' Inside Indonesia 21:24.

Inside Indonesia  1990. 'Freeport rise.' Inside Indonesia 22:1.

Inside Indonesia  1993. 'Freeport denial.' Inside Indonesia 36:24.

Inside Indonesia  1995. Freeport Under Siege: what's yours is mined! Inside Indonesia December 1995, No.45.

Inside Indonesia  1995. 'Freeport's Australian links.' Inside Indonesia December 1995, 45:20.

*Ireeuw, J.M. (ed.)  1982. Some Historical Facts About West Papua and Seven Years of Exploitation of Its Copper, Gold and Silver. Amsterdam: Organisisi Papua Merdeka. [nh ANU, NL]

IRIP News Service  1995. 'Who needs enemies!' Inside Indonesia December 1995, 45:17-20.

IRIP News Service  1995. 'Freeport loses its insurance' Inside Indonesia December 1995, 45:21-22. [OPIC]

Irish Parliament  1996. 'Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs Resolution.' Joint Committe on Foreign Affairs, Irish Parliament, 31 January 1996.

Irish Times  1996. 'Report of Irian Jaya deal denied.' Irish Times 17 April 1996. Reuters news brief.

Ismartono, Yuli  1996. 'Irian Jaya riots result from neglect of local concerns.' Interpress Service, Jakarta, 28 March 1996.

IWGIA Newsletter  1992. ‘Freeport’s attack on the futures of the Papua peoples.’ IWGIA (International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs) Newsletter April-June 1992, 2/92, pp.13-17.

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JJJ

Jacob, Paul  1995. 'Copper-mining firm denies its men involved in alleged atrocities in Irian Jaya.' Straits Times, Reuters Newsbrief, 9 April 1995.

Jakarta Post  1994. 'Freeport to increase copper output.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 6 October 1994.

Jakarta Post  1994. 'PT Freeport to build copper smelting plant.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 16 November 1994.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport environmental plans.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 25 February 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport to raise copper production by end of year.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 6 March 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Alatief gets $75m for port facilities.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 23 March 1995. [Amamapare]

Jakarta Post  1995. 'ABRI to look into Irian Jaya killing claim.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 8 April 1995, p.2.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Irian glaciers cleaned up.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 11 April 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport cuts aid for BLK.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 11 May 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Walhi sues government over mining project.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 17 May 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport to spend US$36 million on environment.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 26 May 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Stop pollution, Freeport told.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 23 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Court hears Freeport case.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 6 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Normandy new venture may seek Anglo funds.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 16 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport criticized despite its success.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 17 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Stop pollution, Freeport told.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 23 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Waste dumped in Aikwa River.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 27 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport sells plane, aviation assets.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 29 June 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Walhi makes progress in Freeport suit.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 7 July 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Environmental audit planned by Freeport.' Jakarta Post, Reuters Newsbrief, 2 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Mine workers need certification - expert.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 3 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Indocopper joins Freeport.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 3 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Work training center for Irianese.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 11 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Soeharto presents service awards to 18 companies.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 12 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Rights body to probe Timika case.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 15 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Government urged to ratify agreement against torture.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 24 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport not involved in Timika case - rights body.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 28 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Irian protesters call for probe into Timika.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 29 August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Irian youths press Govt to further probe into Timika.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 1 September August 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport commissions environmental audit.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 6 September 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Irian veterans criticize handling of Timika case.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 18 September 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Court concludes hearing of Freeport case.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 19 September 1995. [WALHI]

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Owners of polluting firms will also be announced.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 19 September 1995. [WALHI]

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Army yet to receive copy of report on Timika killings.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 25 September 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Fluor Daniel to establish firm here.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 3 October 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Military apologizes for "errors".' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 9 October 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Four soldiers arrested due to Timika shooting.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 30 October 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Official denies taking bribe.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 30 October 1995. [KomnasHAM]

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Court supports Govt's blessing of Freeport.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 31 October 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport defends record in Irian Jaya.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 1 November 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Ethics important issue among journalists.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 7 November 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Nine more questioned over Timika killings.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 15 November 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. '"ABRI not the sole violator of human rights".' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 11 November 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'President to inaugurate new Freeport town.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 2 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Soeharto in Irian Jaya to inaugurate New Town.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 5 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport told to respond to concerns.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 6 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport, Telkom signs telecoms deal.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 8 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Aurora to explore gold.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 12 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Freeport to continue investment.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 13 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1995. 'Rights body rejects call to probe Freeport.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 22 December 1995.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Three soldiers tried for killing.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 30 January 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Ambiguous orders caused Irian killing.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 31 January 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Soldiers found guilty of killing Irian Jaya villagers.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 16 February 1996. [Hoea]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Locals want more say on forests.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 4 March 1996. [Josefa Alomang and Bartolomeus Magal]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Santa Fe finds oil.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 6 March 1996. [Salawati]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Irianese backed in quest for policy change.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 6 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Astra wins first slot in 10 top firms.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 7 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Vandalism affests Freeport mining work.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 12 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Riots continue in Irian copper town.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Irian copper town calm but tense after riots.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Govt turns down PT Freeport closure.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 19 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Pilot meets tribal people.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 28 March 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport has new chief.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 1 April 1996. [Adrianto Machribie]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport to release audit results.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 9 April 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport chief to meet Irianese over discontent.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 13 April 1996. [Moffett]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport's lesson.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Fifteen killed, 11 hurt as officer runs amok in Irian.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 16 April 1996. [Timika, KOPASSUS, Freeport]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Army's elite force to be reorganized.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 16 April 1996. [Timika, KOPASSUS, Freeport]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Victims of Irian shooting buried with military honours.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 17 April 1996. [Timika, KOPASSUS, Freeport]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Simple ceremony for KOPASSUS anniversary.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 17 April 1996. [Timika, KOPASSUS, Freeport]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Minister backs audit on Freeport.' Jakarta Post 20 April 1996, p.1. [Dames & Moore, Kusumaatmadja]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Trigger-happy soldier questioned.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'WALHI unhappy with Freeport audit.' Jakarta Post 24 April 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Police post upgraded.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 1996. [Kuala Kencana]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Irian tribal chief denies dropping suit.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 20 May 1996. [Beanal]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Timika to have police office.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 20 May 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport needs to adjust approach to social issues.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 5 June 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Is this natural beauty, rich biodiversity under threat?' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 5 June 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'James Moffett foresees rosy 1996 for Freeport-McMoRan.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 24 June 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport, Mitsubishi to start joint venture.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 26 June 1996. [Gresik]

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Irian tribes to reject Freeport's trust offer.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 2 July 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Freeport never cheated Irian tribes - official.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 3 July 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'New reason for Timika shooting.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 3 July 1996.

Jakarta Post  1996. 'Louisiana District Court denies Freeport motion.' Jakarta Post, Reuters news brief, 8 July 1996. [Beanal]

Jamieson, Matthew  1996. 'Freeport blues.' Mining Monitor May 1996, 1(2):3.

Jay, Christopher  1993. 'Top accounting firms set up major presence in Indonesia.' AFR 14 July 1993. [Coopers and Lybrand]

Jenkins, David  1995. 'Jakarta digs for danger in Irian Jaya.' SMH 7 April 1995, p.13.

Jenkins, David  1995. 'A blot on Soeharto's calling card.' SMH 30 August 1995, p.20.

Jenkins, David  1995. 'The other Timor: smiling policy flags in "Irian Java".' SMH 2 September 1995, p.29.

Jenkins, David  1996. 'Ros Kelly supports Irian mine venture.' SMH 29 March 1996, p.9. [Dames and Moore]

Jiji Press  1991. 'Nippon Mining to smelt copper.' Jiji Press Newswire 12 December 1991, Reuters news brief. [Gresik]

Jones, Huw  1995. 'Freeport hits back over Indonesian mine.' Reuters newsbrief,17 November 1995.

Jones, Huw  1995. 'Smith Barney rates Freeport buy despite bad press.' Reuters news brief, 30 November 1995.

Jones, John A.  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold boosting mine output.' Investor's Business Daily 14 March 1996, p.A34.

Journal of Commerce and Commercial  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold reopens its giant Grasberg gold and copper mine due to local tribal rioting.' Journal of Commerce and Commercial, 14 March 1996. Reuters news brief, 19 March 1996.

Jufri, Fikri  1980. 'Halimun di Tembagapura.' Tempo 7 Juni 1980, 10(15):38-40.

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KKK

Kagda, Shoeb  1991. 'U$173m loan for Bakrie unit to buy mining stake.' Business Times (Singapore) 5 October 1991, Reuters news brief.

Kaisiepo, Viktor  1996. 'Freeport "lies".' Pacific News Bulletin January 1996, 11(1):13.

Kanazawa, Hiroaki  1995. 'Bakrie gaining global skills and presence.' Nikkei Weekly 12 June 1995. Reuters news brief, 12 June 1995.

Kasiyanto, M.J.  1991. Masalah dan Strategi Pembagunan Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Pembangunan Swadaya Nusantara. [Bagian IIC: Kebijaksaan Pembagunan Indonesia Bagian Timur (IBT) - details on PTFI]

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LLL

Labat International  1996. Social-Cultural Audit of P.T. Freeport Indonesia: summary of interim results and status report. Labat International, Jakarta, 24 May 1996. 7pp.

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MMM

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McBeth, John  1994d. 'The lost mountain.' FEER 24 March 1994, 157(12):31.

McBeth, John  1994e. 'Treasure crest.' FEER 15 December 1994, 157(50):54.

McBeth, John  1995. 'Yours, mine, ours: Freeport, RTZ lock drills on Irian Jaya.' FEER 23 March 1995, 158(12):48-50.

McBeth, John  1995. 'Army under fire.' FEER 14 September 1995, 158(37):31.

McBeth, John  1995. ‘Greens strike one: environmentalists score over Indonesia’s Freeport.' FEER 16 November 1995, 158(46):100.

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McBeth, John  1996. 'Company under siege: mining firm Freeport Indonesia hits back at critics.' FEER 25 January 1996, 159(4):26-27.

McBeth, John  1996. 'No bed of roses.' FEER 21 March 1996, 159(12):60.

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Middleton, Karen  1995. 'Indonesian kill reports raise concern.' The Age 21 December 1995.

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Mining Engineering  1992. 'Freeport reports mineralization at Big Gossan.' Mining Engineering October 1992, 44(10):1213.

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Mining Journal  1989. 'The gold scene in Indonesia.' Mining Journal 27 October 1989, 313(8043):348.

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NNN

The National  1995. 'Indon soldiers go on trial in January.' The National (PNG) 28 December 1995, p.15. [Hoea]

The National  1996. 'Indon officer jailed for Irian deaths.' The National (PNG) 16 February 1996, p.11. [Hoea]

The National  1996. 'Irian Jaya's Freeport mine shut after riots.' The National (PNG) 12 March 1996.

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*Nutter, G.E. and Doug Raymond  1994. Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold: the treasure of Irian Jaya. Toronto: RBC Dominion Securities. Booklet. 3pp.

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OOO

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Owen-Davies, John  1995. 'Latter day gold rush boosts Irianese town.' Reuters news brief, 24 April 1995.

Owen-Davies, John  1995. 'Geologists endure hardships in Irian Jaya.' Reuters news brief, 26 April 1995. [Etna Bay]

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Owen-Davies, John  1996. 'Irianese on rampage in Indonesian copper town.' Reuters news brief, 12 March 1996.

Owen-Davies, John  1996. 'Freeport prepares to resume work after Irian riots.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Owen-Davies, John  1996. 'Riot-hit Timika a latter-day gold rush town.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Owen-Davies, John  1996. 'Freeport restarts Irian mill in post-riot calm.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Owen-Davies, John  1996. 'Freeport says hampered by post-riot absences.' Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

Owen-Davies, John  1996. 'Rioting tribesmen shut mine.' CT 14 March 1996, p.9.

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PPP

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Pacific News Bulletin  1994e. Untitled photograph from Tsinga village. Pacific News Bulletin  1994, 9(12):10.

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Pacific News Bulletin  1995. 'West Papua: brutal army behaviour against innocent people - eyewitness report from Timika 11-20 April 1995.' Pacific News Bulletin June 1995, 10(6):5.

Pacific News Bulletin  1995. 'West Papua - Spain campaign.' Pacific News Bulletin July 1995, 10(7):14.

Pacific News Bulletin  1995. 'West Papua update.' Pacific News Bulletin August 1995, 10(8):11.

Pacific News Bulletin  1995. 'West Papua: more human rights abuse in Freeport mine area.' Pacific News Bulletin September 1995, 10(9):1-2.

Pacific News Bulletin  1995. 'West Papua: leaked report confirms lack of commitment to Indonesia.' Pacific News Bulletin November 1995, 10(11):1-2.

Pacific News Bulletin  1996. 'West Papua: OPM takes hostages to gain international attention.' Pacific News Bulletin January 1996, 11(1):1-2.

Pacific News Bulletin  1996. 'West Papua: Amungme tribal council speaks out.' Pacific News Bulletin February 1996, 11(2):5.

Pacific News Bulletin  1996. 'West Papuan discontent with Freeport.' Pacific News Bulletin March 1996, 11(3):3.

Pacific News Bulletin  1996. 'West Papua: questioning the "facts".' Pacific News Bulletin May 1996, 11(5):3-4.

Pacific News Bulletin  1996. 'West Papua: Amungme perspective on Freeport.' Pacific News Bulletin July 1996, 11(7):11.

Pacific News Bulletin  1996. 'West Papua: Amungme council under pressure.' Pacific News Bulletin September 1996, 11(9):3-4.

Pardomuan, Lewa  1995. 'Indonesia rights mission accuses army over deaths.' Reuters news brief, 22 September 1995.

Pardomuan, Lewa  1996. 'Freeport resumes work under Indonesian army guard.' Reuters news brief, 15 March 1996.

Pardomuan, Lewa  1996. 'Irian town calm after rampage by protestors.' Reuters news brief, 18 March 1996.

Parsons, Nick  1995. 'Indonesia in the capital markets - balancing growth with stability.' Euroweek 28 April 1995. Reuters news brief, 28 April 1995. [RTZ]

PARTiZANS  1995. 'RTZ links up with Freeport: a marriage made in Hades.' Press release, 26 March 1995.

PARTiZANS  1995. 'West Papua in Europe: report on a visit.' Press release, 28 June 1995.

PARTiZANS  1995. 'British company implicated in grave human rights violations in West Papua (Irian Jaya).' Press release, 1995. [RTZ]

Parting Company  1995. 'RTZ in West Papua: the road to ethnocide.' Parting Company Spring 1995, p.2.

Parting Company  1995. 'The Freeport scandal.' Parting Company Spring 1995, p.3.

Parting Company  1995. 'Blood and tears.' Parting Company Spring 1995, pp.4-7. [ACFOA]

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People and the Planet  1996. '"Digging out our mother's brain".' People and the Planet 5(1):12.

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*Phelps, R.W.  1991. ‘Gilded copper from the Stone Age: Freeport McMoRan undertakes a major expansion of its Cu-Au-Ag Grasberg mine.’ Engineering and Mining Journal June 1991, pp.18-25.

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Pogolamun, Melanius A.  1985. '1/4 Abad Injil Masuk Daerah Amungme.' Kabar Dari Kampung Oktober 1985, 3(17):18-21.

Pogolamun, Melanius A.  1985. 'Akimuga to Timika: all that glitters is not copper.' Kabar Dari Kampung (English edition) 1(3/4):45-50.

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Pogolamun, Melanius A., Donnyn Giay, Tinus Maturbongs and Kris Ansaka  1988. Article in Kabar dari Kampung 6(32), October 1988. Translated by Don McTaggart as 'Freeport: between community development and environmental conservation.' Indonesia News Service 29 April 1991, No.289-290.

Post-Courier  1996. 'Indon officer jailed over Irian deaths.' PC 16 February 1996, p.7. [Hoea]

Post-Courier  1996. 'Town riot closes Indonesian mine.' PC 12 March 1996.

Post-Courier  1996. 'Hundreds riot at Indon mine.' PC 13 March 1996.

*Potter, D.  1996. 'What makes Grasberg anomolous: implications for future exploration.' Paper at conference on Porphyry Related Copper and Gold Deposits of the Asia Pacific Region, Radisson Plaza Hotel, Cairns, 12-13 August 1996.

Power in Asia  1995. 'Freeport Indonesia - Duke Consortium buys into captive power assets.' Power in Asia 7 August 1995. Freeport Newsbrief 3 November 1995.

PR Newswire  1995. 'Fluor Daniel awarded contract by Freeport Indonesia Inc.' PR Newswire. Reuters news brief, 9 December 1992.

PR Newswire  1995. 'Newmont announces appointment of operational vice presidents.' PR Newswire. Reuters news brief, 12 July 1995. [David Francisco]

PR Newswire  1995. 'Duke Energy consortium to purchase additional Indonesian power generation assets.' PR Newswire. Reuters news brief, 27 June 1995.

PR Newswire  1996. 'T.L.Owen is named V.P. at Cyprus Amax Engineering and Project Development Company.' PR Newswire. Reuters news brief, 19 April 1996.

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Press, Eyal  1995. 'Doing business with Indonesia's dictator.' Christian Science Monitor 10 November 1995, p.19.

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Pressman, Ed  1996. 'Freeport responds.' The Jakarta Post 13 May 1996, p.4, Letter.

Pressman, Ed  1996. 'Freeport's commitment.' The Jakarta Post 26 July 1996, p.4, Letter.

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Prijono, Ir. Achmad  1994. 'Indonesia.' Mining Annual Review 1994, pp.*123-126.

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Project and Trade Finance  1994. 'US power project first for SE Asia as Prudential moves in.' Project and Trade Finance, Reuters news brief, 21 December 1994. [PT Puncak Jaya]

Pudayanti, Dewi  1994a. 'Freeport gets stood up at Gresik: Metallgesellschaft withdraws from smelter project.' Indonesia Business Weekly 27 May 1994, 2(24):18.

Pudayanti, Dewi  1994b. 'In search of new metal deposits: booming copper proces threatened by probable oversupply.' Indonesia Business Weekly 2 December 1994, 2(51):12.

Putranto, Eri Eko  1997. ‘Daya tarik kilauan emas.’ Tiras 23 Januari 1997, 2(52):24-25.

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QQQ

Quak Hiang Whai  1991. 'Jakarta's Bakrie Group raising U$173m loan.' Business Times (Singapore) 13 July 1991, Reuters news brief.

*Quarles van Ufford, Andrew I.  1996. Stratigraphy, Structural Geology and Tectonics of a Young Forearc-Continent Collision, Western Central Range, Irian Jaya (Western New Guinea), Indonesia. PhD thesis, University of Texas at Austin. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International.

*Quarles van Ufford, Andrew I.  in prep. 'Stratigraphy of the Central Ranges of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, in the vicinity of the Ertsberg (Gunung Bijih) mine district, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.'

*Quarles van Ufford, Andrew I.  in prep. 'Stratigraphy of the New Guinea Limestone Group in the vicinity of the Ertsberg (Gunung Bijih) mine district, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.'

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RRR

Rance, Carolyn  1996. 'Box Hill Institute builds links with Indonesia.' The Age (Melbourne), 13 April 1996.

Rankin, Aidan  1996. 'Mind who you call primitive.' The Independent (London), 17 January 1996, p.15.

Regan, Martin E.  1996. 'United States District Court Judge Duval rejects Freeport's demand that Tom Beanal's lawsuit be dismissed.' Conference reg.westpapua, 4 July 1996.

Regan, Martin E.  1996. 'United States District Court Judge Duval rejects Freeport's demand that Tom Beanal's lawsuit be dismissed.' Press release, Regan, Manasseh & Boshea P.L.C., New Orleans, 5 July 1996.

Regan, Martin E.  1996. Untitled communication re LEMASA. Conference reg.westpapua, 18 July 1996.

Regulatory News Service 1995. 'RTZ Corporation Quarterly Production Report.' Reuters news brief, 17 December 1995. Source: Regulatory News Service, 14 December 1995.

Regulatory News Service  1996. 'RTZ Corporation production report.' Regulatory News Service, 30 January 1996.

Regulatory News Service  1996. 'RTZ Corporation final results - Part 1.' Regulatory News Service, 7 March 1996.

Regulatory News Service  1996. 'RTZ Corporation quarterly production report - Part 2.' Regulatory News Service, 26 April 1996.

Regulatory News Service  1996. 'RTZ Corporation quarterly production report - Part 3.' Regulatory News Service, 26 April 1996.

Regulatory News Service 1996. 'RTZ Corporation Production Report for the Quarter ended 30 June 1996.' Regulatory News Service, 25 July 1996.

Reinhardt, Dennis  1977a. 'The strafing of West Irian tribesmen.' Nation Review 1-7 September 1977, pp.6-7.

Reinhardt, Dennis  1977b. 'West Irian rebels $7.7m pipe-cutting.' Nation Review 15-21 September 1977, p.9.

Republika  1996. Translation of article on Timika riots, dated 11 March 1996, by Sidney Jones.

Ressa, Maria  1996. ‘Indonesia mine a blessing and a curse.’ CNN Environment, 21 February 1996, <cnn.com/EARTH/9602/irian_jaya/index.html>.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Indonesia expects 1991 gold output to rise.' Reuters news brief, 22 April 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Mitsui, MG seek to build Indonesia copper smelter.' Reuters news brief, 22 April 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan sees new Indonesia mining accord.' Reuters news brief, 24 April 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Three killed, 14 missing in Indonesian floods.' Reuters news brief, 1 May 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Floods cause damage in Freeport Indonesia's mine.' Reuters news brief, 1 May 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Moody's assigns B-1 to Freeport unit notes.' Reuters news brief, 7 May 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper cuts Indonesia stake.' Reuters news brief, 18 June 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Freeport Indonesia to sell 10 pct stake locally.' Reuters news brief, 17 July 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper finds more gold.' Reuters news brief, 17 September 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Nippon Mining asked to join Java copper project.' Reuters news brief, 28 November 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan signs copper contract.' Reuters news brief, 30 December 1991.

Reuter News Service  1991. 'Freeport-McMoRan has new Indonesia unit.' Reuters news brief, 30 December 1991.

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Freeport consortium plans Indonesia copper smelter.' Reuters news brief, 26 February 1992.

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Freeport Indonesia begins to increase ore output.' Reuters news brief, 25 March 1992.

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Mitsubishi Materials denies joining copper venture.' Reuters news brief, 21 April 1992.

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper boosting milling.' Reuters news brief, 28 April 1992.

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Freeport-McMoRan unit finds mineralization.' Reuters news brief, 29 June 1992. [Big Gossan]

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Freeport to expand Indonesia copper/gold.' Reuters news brief, 27 August 1992.

Reuter News Service  1992. 'Freeport Copper outlines Big Gossan reserve.' Reuters news brief, 3 September 1992.

Reuter News Service  1993. 'Freeport Copper smelter plan decision in autumn.' Reuters news brief, 7 June 1993.

Reuter News Service  1993. 'Freeport denies Indonesia pollution charge.' Reuters news brief, 9 June 1993.

Reuter News Service  1993. 'Freeport-McMoRan unit to sell power assets.' Reuters news brief, 7 December 1993.

Reuter News Service  1993. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper sells Indonesian assets.' Reuters news brief, 20 December 1993.

Reuter News Service  1994. 'Indonesia's first copper smelter project delayed.' Reuters news brief, 15 February 1994.

Reuter News Service  1994. 'Freeport-McMoRan takes over in Indonesia.' Reuters news brief, 20 April 1994.

Reuter News Service  1994. 'Freeport reports no damage after Irian quake.' Reuters news brief, 25 May 1994.

Reuter News Service  1994. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper sees cost decline.' Reuters news brief, 26 July 1994.

Reuter News Service  1994. 'Freeport-McMoRan sells assets to affiliate.' Reuters news brief, 7 September 1994.

Reuter News Service  1994. 'Indonesia Freeport to raise exploration spending.' Reuters news brief, 14 December 1994.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport Copper sees increased production.' Reuters news brief, 24 January 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport Copper stake sale cleared.' Reuters news brief, 31 March 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia denies 37 killed in Irian Jaya clashes.' Reuters news brief, 7 April 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Australia to probe Indonesia atrocity allegations.' Reuters news brief, 7 April 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia to move villagers threatened by rebels.' Reuters news brief, 24 April 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia Freeport mine under rebel threat.' Reuters news brief, 24 April 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport Copper details expansion plans.' Reuters news brief, 16 May 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport Copper ups Indonesian gold resource.' Reuters news brief, 16 May 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia's gold output seen doubling by 1999.' Reuters news brief, 29 May 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport says Indonesian mine expansion completed.' Reuters news brief, 30 May 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'PT Freeport completes second phase sale of plant.' Reuters news brief, 27 June 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia rights groups probe alleged shootings.' Reuters news brief, 29 June 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Only 200 rebels in Irian Jaya, Indonesia army says.' Reuters news brief, 8 July 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesian military to check on Irian killings.' Reuters news brief, 16 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesian human rights body begins Irian probe.' Reuters news brief, 24 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia body says Freeport not linked to killing.' Reuters news brief, 28 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. Photograph, captioned "Students from Irian Jaya protest outside the National Parliament in Jakarta yesterday over the killing of villagers allegedly by the military, near Timika, a town adjacent to the copper mine run by the US-owned Freeport Indonesia". AFR 29 August 1995, p.14. Reproduced in SMH 31 August 1995, p.1.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Jakarta rights group to send second team to Irian.' Reuters news brief, 29 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Press digest - Indonesia - Aug 29.' Reuters news brief, 29 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia rights body to continue Irian Jay probe.' Reuters news brief, 29 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Australia concerned at Irian Jaya massacre reports.' Reuters news brief, 30 August 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Firm "morally involved" in alleged Irian killings.' Reuters news brief, 1 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Press digest - Indonesia - Sept 1.' Reuters news brief, 1 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Irianese activists say killings must be stopped.' Reuters news brief, 4 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport denies involvement in Irian killings.' Reuters news brief, 5 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'RTZ CEO says Grasberg to expand early.' Reuters news brief, 6 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia rights group sending team to Irian.' Reuters news brief, 7 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia rights group returns to Irian Jaya.' Reuters news brief, 14 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'US raises concerns with Indonesia over Irian Jaya.' Reuters news brief, 17 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia army chief rules out Irian inquiry.' Reuters news brief, 23 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Fluor unit to start copper smelting plant.' Reuters news brief, 25 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport sees need for even more capacity.' Reuters news brief, 26 September 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Four Indonesian soldiers arrested over killings.' Reuters news brief, 29 October 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia court rejects lawsuit against Freeport.' Reuters news brief, 31 October 1995. [WALHI]

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesian army team to examine Irian deaths.' Reuters news brief, 1 November 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'RTZ upbeat on copper production prospects.' Reuters news brief, 16 November 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'RTZ seeks to cut costs in U.S., Indonesia.' Reuters news brief, 16 November 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport Grasberg gold reserves up 43 pct..' Reuters news brief, 5 December 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Freeport extends Grasberg's mine life.' Reuters news brief, 5 December 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia will defend environment from damage.' Reuters news brief, 5 December 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Irian Bishop says Freeport not involved in killing.' Reuters news brief, 12 December 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesian students seek new probe into killings.' Reuters news brief, 21 December 1995.

Reuter News Service  1995. 'Indonesia rights body rejects new Irian probe.' Reuters news brief, 22 December 1995.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Westcoast seeks to expand Indonesia project.' Reuters news brief, 17 January 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Copper sees lower Q1 metal sales.' Reuters news brief, 23 January 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport expansion seen economical.' Reuters news brief, 24 January 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport finds more in "Golden Triangle".' Reuters news brief, 26 January 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia sentences soldiers over Irian deaths.' Reuters news brief, 15 February 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Three Indonesian soldiers jailed for Irian deaths.' Reuters news brief, 15 February 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian officer jailed for 16 months for deaths.' Reuters news brief, 15 February 1996. [Hoea]

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport sees strong Indonesian sales.' Reuters news brief, 16 February 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia gold players rated.' Reuters news brief, 29 February 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Irianese tribal chief complains of harassment.' Reuters news brief, February 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Forecast-metal prices to lift RTZ-CRA profit.' Reuters news brief, 1 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Irianese tribe calls for probe of Freeport.' Reuters news brief, 4 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Pertamina announces Irian Jaya oil and gas find.' Reuters news brief, 5 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Indonesia may get fresh incentives.' Reuters news brief, 5 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Troops said in Indonesia copper town afer riot.' Reuters news brief, 11 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia's Freeport copper mine shut after riot.' Reuters news brief, 11 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Fresh protests reported in Irian Jaya copper area.' Reuters news brief, 12 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport says Irian mine shut for second day.' Reuters news brief, 12 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport plans to reopen Irian mine on Wednesday.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian copper town clam but tense after riots.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Indonesia says restarting Irian mill.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Copper holds around lows in LME evening trade.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'China seen buying copper amid tension.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Copper closing effect limited.' Reuters news brief, 13 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian town, Freeport resume work after riots.' Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Indonesia sees no major loss from closure.' Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian activists attack Freeport over riots.' Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

Reuter News ervice  1996. 'Freeport says Irian mill running again after riots.' Reuters news brief, 14 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport mulls Irianese demands after rioting.' Reuters news brief, 18 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia rejects calls for Freeport's closure.' Reuters news brief, 19 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport copper selects Bechtel for work.' Reuters news brief, 22 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Irian tribes near mine pledge not to riot.' Reuters news brief, 22 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian army says NGOs not behind Irian riots.' Reuters news brief, 23 March 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia plans to review mining contract rules.' Reuters news brief, 8 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia to verify Freeport environmental audit.' Reuters news brief, 9 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Amnesty urges Indonesia to probe rights abuses.' Reuters news brief, 11 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport grants one percent of income to Irianese.' Reuters news brief, 14 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Indonesia to employ more Irianese.' Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Australian aid groups urge action over Irian Jaya.' Reuters news brief, 15 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian soldier in shooting may have had fever.' Reuters news brief, 17 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Giant Indonesian mine making progress on environment.' Reuters news brief, 19 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Four injured in Indonesia shooting die of wounds.' Reuters news brief, 19 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport plans to boost output in Indonesia.' Reuters news brief, 24 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport sued by Indonesians.' Reuters news brief, 30 April 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian tribe sues Freeport for $6 billion.' Reuters news brief, 1 May 1996. [Beanal]

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Activists to protest against RTZ's Irian investment.' Reuters news brief, 1 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian tribesman casts doubt over Freeport suit.' Reuters news brief, 2 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Protesters demand RTZ pull out of Irian Jaya.' Reuters news brief, 2 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Activists to protest against RTZ's Irian investment.' Reuters news brief, 2 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Beanal withdraws case against Freeport.' Reuters news brief, 4 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Two activist groups to protest at RTZ meeting.' Reuters news brief, 7 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia '95 gold output jumps.' Reuters news brief, 9 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesia copper smelter firm gets $410mln loan.' Reuters news brief, 13 May 1996. [Gresik, PT Smelting Company]

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian tribesman to reinstate Freeport suit.' Reuters news brief, 18 May 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport backs Irian Jaya social audit.' Reuters news brief, 5 June 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Major world copper mine projects due onstream.' Reuters news brief, 6 June 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Freeport Indonesia says no loss from copper fall.' Reuters news brief, 14 June 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Indonesian tribes reject Freeport trust fund plan.' Reuters news brief, 2 July 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Mining firm denies Indonesia tribes reject aid funds.' Reuters news brief, 3 July 1996.

Reuter News Service  1996. 'Canberra okays more QANTAS Indonesia flights.' Reuters news brief, 30 July 1996. [Timika]

Rhiannon, Lee  1996. 'Hard look at bank's policy.' AFR 5 January 1996. [World Bank, Wolfensohn]

Richards, Matt  1996. Freeport in Indonesia: reconciling development and indigenous rights. Report on a Public Forum at the Gorman House Arts Centre, Canberra, 24 April 1996. Canberra: ACFOA.

Roberts, Greg  1996. 'Caught in the crossfire.' SMH 27 January 1996.

Roberts, Greg  1996. '5 dead as Papuans riot near Freeport.' SMH 14 March 1996, p.11.

Roberts, Greg  1996. 'The battle of Freeport.' Good Weekend Magazine 6 April 1996, pp.22-27.

Roberts, Greg  1996. 'Australian shot after mine murder: Freeport Indonesia.' Sydney Morning Herald 6 April 1996, Reuters news brief.

Roberts, Greg  1996. 'Australian pilot dies in Irian slaughter.' SMH 16 April 1996, p.1.

Roberts, Greg  1996. 'Slaughter and squalor in wild west of Irian Jaya.' SMH 16 April 1996, p.13.

Roberts, Janine  1996. 'UK cash props up terror mine.' Independent on Sunday (UK) 26 November 1995.

Roosman, Slamet  1977. 'Notes on Irian Jaya.' Yagl-Ambu 4(1):41-46; 4(2):104-109.

Rosewarne, Clive  1994. 'Development and indigenous peoples.' Inside Indonesia March 1994, No.38:25-26. [Walhi]

*Rubin, Jeffrey Neil  1996. Skarn Formation and Ore Deposition at the Gunung Bijih Timur (Ertsberg East) Complex, Ertsberg District, Irian Jaya, Indonesia (New Guinea) PhD thesis, University of Texas at Austin. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International.

*Rubin, Jeffrey Neil and J.R.Kyle  1993. 'Precious-metal distributon, Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) district, Indonesia.' In GSA Abstracts with Programs 25.

Rumbiak, John  1996. 'John Rumbiak: "We've lived here 1000s of years.' Inside Indonesia July-September 1996, 47:19.

Russell, Robert L. and Louis D. Kieffer  1994. 'Mill expansions at PT Freeport Indonesia.' Mining Engineering September 1994, 46(9):1051-1056.

Ryan, John  1969. The Hot Land: focus on New Guinea. Melbourne: Macmillan. [p.256: Freeport]

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SSS

Sahin, Ben  1983. 'West Papua’s economy in service of foreign countries.' West Papuan Observer May-June 1983, 7(3):13-22.

*Sapiie, B.  1994. Deformational History and Origin of Breccias in the Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) Mining District, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Texas, Austin.

The Saturday Independent  1995. 'Normandy's investment in Irian Jaya may rival Escondida.' The Saturday Independent 17 June 1995, p.34.

The Saturday Independent  1995. 'Commission starts probe on alleged Irian Jaya killings.' The Saturday Independent 26 August 1995, p.8.

The Saturday Independent  1995. 'Australian govt urged to withdraw privileges of US mining company.' The Saturday Independent 2 September 1995, p.30.

*Savage, Peter  1980. 'The independence movement in West Irian.' Australian Left Review 73:33-41.

Scheiner, Charles  1996. 'West Papua: manifest destiny redux.' The Nonviolent Activist July-August 1996, pp.1-6.

Schouten, C.  1939. 'The examination of the ore samples.' In Dozy, pp.124-131. [Ertsberg]

Schwarz, Adam  1991. 'Mining a mountain: US firm brings jobs and controversy to Irian Jaya.' FEER 4 July 1991, 153(27):47-48.

Schwarz, Adam  1991. 'Mining a mountain: firm brings jobs and controversy to Irian Jaya.' IBP September 1991, 17(9):55-59.

Scott, Keith  1995. 'Keating to press Suharto on rights.' South China Morning Post 16 September 1995. Reuters newsbrief.

Seda, Francisia S.S.E.  1988. ‘Some social effects of Tembagapura (the copper mining town in Irian Jaya).’ Student paper for course on Rural Sociology 280, Contemporary Indonesian Society. 29 July 1988. 16pp.

Setiakawan  1990. A Complete Account of Irian. Setiakawan January-June 1990, Nos.4-5. Jakarta: SKEPHI.

Sherwell, Philip  1996. 'Irian Jaya mine riot puts hostage deal in danger.' Daily Telegraph 13 March 1996, Reuters newsbrief.

Siegel, Lenny  1976. 'Freeport mines Indonesian copper.' Pacific Research and World Empire Telegram 7(2):8-11.

Sigit, Soetarjo  1968. 'Indonesia.' World Mining June 1968, Catalogue, Survey and Directory Number, 21(7):145-146.

Sigit, Soetarjo  1973. 'Large scale mineral exploration and new mining development prospects in Indonesia.' Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin July 1973, 6:289-296.

Sigit, S.Soetaryo  1988. 'Current mining developments in Indonesia.' AIMM Bulletin and Proceedings 293(1):14-17.

Sigit, Soetaryo  1989. ‘Ertsberg 20 years ago.' Warta Freeport Januari-Feburari 1989, 8(1):8-12.

Sigit, Soetarjo, M.M.Purbo-Hadiwidjojo, Bambang Sulasmoro and Suharsono Wirjosudjono  1969. Minerals and Mining in Indonesia. Djakarta: Ministry of Mines. [References to petroleum, coal, nickel, iron, copper, molybdenite, radioactive minerals, limestone and quartz sandstone in West Irian]

Simatupang, Ir.M.  1995. 'ASEAN mining industry's development.' Paper delivered at the Pan-Asian Mining Congress '95, Singapore, 13-15 March 1995.

*Simatupang, M. (ed.)  1988. Indonesian Mineral Development Digest. Jakarta: Indonesian Mining Association. (572pp, March 1988) [nh ANU, nh NL]

Singh, Ajay and Keith Loveard  1996. 'Now a threat in Irian Jaya: once counted out, a rebel group seizes hostages.' Asiaweek 26 January 1996, 22(4):30.

Singh, Ajay and Keith Loveard  1996. 'Ripe for unrest: tribal grievances spark rioting in Irian Jaya.' Asiaweek 29 March 1996, 22(13).

Skehan, Craig  1995. 'Rebel flag enraged Indonesian killers.' SMH 31 August 1995, p.13.

Skehan, Craig  1995. 'Protest over Irian Jaya deaths.' SMH 15 September 1995, p.4.

Skehan, Craig and David Lague  1995. 'Jakarta accused of massacre.' SMH 30 August 1995, pp.1, 20.

*Skilling's Mining Review  1989. 'Freeport-McMoRan earnings.' Skilling's Mining Review 19 August 1989. [nh ANU, nh NL]

*Skilling's Mining Review  1990. 'FCX reports on reserves at Indonesian operations.' Skilling's Mining Review 2 March 1990. [Grasberg] [nh ANU, nh NL]

*Skilling's Mining Review  1993. 'Freeport Indonesia.' Skilling's Mining Review 17 April 1993, 82(16):8. [nh ANU, nh NL]

*Skilling's Mining Review  1993. 'Possible expansion projected for FCX's Irian Jaya project.' Skilling's Mining Review 6 November 1993, 82(45):22. [Grasberg] [nh ANU, nh NL]

Skilling's Mining Review  1995. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper - proceeds with exploration operations in Irian Jaya, Indonesia.' Reuters newsbrief, 12 July 1995.

Smith, Leigh  1995. 'P&O in Australian mine port venture.' Lloyd's List, Reuters news brief, 25 March 1995. [Amamapare]

*Smith, R.  1994. 'Trouble flows from the earth.' Time Magazine 30 May 1994, pp.52-63.

Soemarwoto, Otto  1996. 'Environmental audit on Freeport Indonesia.' EBRI 8 May 1996, 212:30-31. (Previously published in Indonesian in Kompas).

*Soengkowo, Sonny  1981. ‘Kejutan Teknologi di Pedalaman Irian Jaya.’ Bina Desa, Jakarta, April 1981, pp.40-41. Letter to the editor. [“Technological Shock in the Interior of Irian Jaya”]

Soeparman, Soebagio and Budijono  1989. 'Cu-skarn deposits in Ertsberg mine area, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.' Geologi Indonesia 12(1):359-374.

Soesastro, Hadi and Budi Sudarsono  1988. 'Mineral and energy development in Indonesia.' In Bruce McKern and Preipol Koomsup (eds.) The Minerals Industries of ASEAN and Australia: problems and prospects. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, pp.161-207. [pp.168, 190, 200: Freeport]

South China Morning Post  1995. 'Military admits to failures of discipline.' South China Morning Post 22 September 1995. Reuters newsbrief.

South China Morning Post  1995. 'Probe "turned blind eye to mining giant's rights violations".' South China Morning Post 28 September 1995. Reuters newsbrief.

South China Morning Post  1995. '4 soldiers arrested in death probe.' South China Morning Post 30 October 1995. Reuters newsbrief.

South China Morning Post  1996. 'Remote province hogs limelight.' South China Morning Post 17 March 1996. Reuters newsbrief.

South China Morning Post  1996. 'Irianese leader demands complete military pullout.' South China Morning Post 21 April 1996. Reuters newsbrief. [Beanal]

South China Morning Post  1996. 'Resentment simmers as troops move in for long-term stay.' South China Morning Post 26 April 1996. Reuters newsbrief.

South China Morning Post  1996. 'Pain as "mother land" is damaged.' South China Morning Post 26 April 1996. Reuters newsbrief.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1989. 'Indonesia to reduce Irian Jaya gold mining tax.' SAML 1 August 1989, 89/01:6.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1989. 'Freeport invests to expand Indonesian copper production.' SAML 1 August 1989, 89/01:8.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1989. 'Copper/gold expansion.' SAML 30 August 1989, 89/02:4.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1989. 'Grasberg copper output "free" to Freeport.' SAML 25 November 1989, 89/04:4.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1989. 'Incentives to mine in eastern areas.' SAML 31 December 1989, 89/06:2.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1990. 'Freeport increase reserves estimate.' SAML 25 July 1990, 2(3):2.

South-East Asia Mining Letter  1990. 'Copper permit renewal negotiated.' SAML 25 July 1990, 2(3):6.

Special Correspondent  1996. 'Will Indonesia listen?' PIM April 1996, 66(4):13-14.

Start, Daniel  1997. The Open Cage: the ordeal of the Irian Jaya hostages. London: Harper Collins. 338pp.

Stichtung Papua Volken  1992. Environmental Impacts of Freeport's Grasberg Copper Mine in West Papua. PaVo Paper No.1. Utrecht: Stichtung Papua Volken. 11pp.

*Stichtung Papua Volken  1992. Freeport's Attack Upon the Futures of the Papuan Peoples. PaVo Paper No.2. Utrecht: Stichtung Papua Volken.

Strokirch, Karin von  1996. ‘The region in review: international issues and events, 1995.’ Contemporary Pacific Fall 1996, *(*):410-417. [pp.416-417: Freeport]

*Sudrajat, Adjat  1995. 'Update on minerals potential in Indonesia.' Paper at World Mining Congress: "Discovering Asia's Vast Potential", 29-31 May 1995, Suntec City, Singapore.

Sueddeutsche Zeitung  1992. 'Germany's Metallgesellschaft builds factory in Indonesia.' Sueddeutsche Zeitung (English abstracts) 26 October 1992, Reuters news brief. [Gresik]

Suharyanto, Her  1993. 'US mining coy stands trial: Freeport refutes charges of environmental negligence.' Indonesia Business Weekly 1(43):36-37.

Suharyanto, Her  1994. 'Mutually beneficial move: cooperative effort to help transmigrants.' Indonesia Business Weekly 6 May 1994, 2(21):16.

Sulphur  1993. 'Decision soon on Gresik copper smelter.' Suplhur No.277, Chemical Business Newsbase, 1993.

Sumbogo, Priyono B., Sapto Waluyo, Ruba'i Kadir and Mauluddin Anwar  1996. 'Irian Jaya dalam sejumlah dugaan.' Gatra 30 Maret 1996, pp.25-26.

Sun-Herald  1995. 'Jakarta denies mine killings.' The Sun-Herald 9 April 1995, p.10.

Sunday Age  1995. 'Military denies kill claim.' Sunday Age (Melbourne) 20 August 1995. Reuters news brief, 20 August 1995.

Survival International  1995. West Papua: Indonesian military torture and murder at mining site. Urgent Action Bulletin of Survival International, October 1996.

Survival International  1995. 'West Papua: torture and murder at Freeport mining site.' Press release, Survival International, London, 20 October 1995.

Survival International  1997. ‘Moni next?’ Survival Newsletter 37, p.4. [Wabu, Bilogai]

Sydney Morning Herald  1995. 'Acts of infamy in West Irian.' SMH 31 August 1995, Editorial, p.16.

Sydney Morning Herald  1995. 'Atrocity inquiry.' SMH 5 September 1995.

Sydney Morning Herald  1995. 'Killings investigated.' SMH 4 November 1995, p.17.

Sydney Morning Herald  1996. 'Riots in Irian Jaya mine towns.' SMH 13 March 1996, p.10.

Sydney Morning Herald  1996. 'Freeport pledges locals $19m a year from mine.' SMH 15 April 1996, p.8.

Sydney Morning Herald  1996. 'Freeport to spend $100m on clean-up.' SMH 22 April 1996, p.34.

Sydney Morning Herald  1996. 'Freeport denial.' SMH 3 May 1996, p.10. [Tom Beanal]

Sydney Morning Herald  1996. 'Lift for Grasberg copper.' SMH 10 June 1996, p.32.

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TTT

*TAPOL  1992. ‘Freeport’s win, Amungme’s loss.’ TAPOL Bulletin February 1992, p.*. [Republished in Down to Earth 15 (November 1991) and West Papua Update 14 (April 1992)].

TAPOL  1994. 'Many villagers killed in army attack in Timika.' TAPOL Bulletin December 1994, 126:24.

TAPOL  1995. 'More killings in the Freeport drama.' TAPOL Bulletin April 1995, 128:22-23. Reprinted in Delta Greens Quarterly Summer 1995, 39:3-4.

TAPOL  1995. 'Freeport killings confirmed.' TAPOL Bulletin June 1995, 129:1-3.

TAPOL  1995. 'Bishop exposes atrocities in Timika.' TAPOL Bulletin October 1995, 131:1-3. [Munninghoff]

TAPOL  1995. 'Greed is the name of the game.' TAPOL Bulletin October 1995, 131:4-5.

TAPOL  1995. 'Amungme criticise Commission's findings.' TAPOL Bulletin December 1995, 132:21-22.

TAPOL  1995. 'Freeport/RTZ lose political risk insurance.' TAPOL Bulletin December 1995, 132:22,12.

TAPOL  1996. 'Freeport/RTZ "fights back".' TAPOL Bulletin February 1996, 133:3-4.

TAPOL  1996. 'Freeport: people in open revolt.' TAPOL Report 12 March 1996.

TAPOL  1996. 'Open revolt against Freeport/RTZ.' TAPOL Bulletin April 1996, 134:1-4.

TAPOL  1996. 'Army raids LEMASA office in Timika.' TAPOL Report 12 April 1996.

TAPOL  1996. 'Freeport response delivered at meeting today.' TAPOL Report 13 April 1996.

TAPOL  1996. 'Misreporting in the press.' TAPOL Report 14 April 1996.

TAPOL  1996. 'Amungme leader sues Freeport.' TAPOL Bulletin June 1996, 135:16-17. [Beanal]

TAPOL  1996. ‘Freeport/RTZ conflict with Amungme intensifies.' TAPOL Bulletin August 1996, 136:24.

Team Penyelesaian Persoalan Freeport Dengan Rakyat Setempat  1974. Hasil-hasil Penyelesaian Persoalan Freeport Indonesia, Incorporated Dengan Rakyat Setempat (Tanggal 5-11 Januari 1974) di Tembagapura. Jayapura: Kantor Gubernor. 27pp.

Thatcher, Jonathan  1992. 'Freeport Indonesia expects to find new deposits.' Reuters news brief, 8 May 1992.

Thatcher, Jonathan  1992. 'Monument to modern technology grapples with Stone Age.' Reuters news brief, 11 May 1992.

Thomas, Matthew  1995. 'West Papua: the obliteration of a people.' Green Left Weekly 17 May 1995, p.20. [Amungme]

Thompson, Liz  1996. 'A decade of change.' PIM April 1996, 66(4):42-45.

Thompson, Martin  1993. 'Copper.' Metals and Minerals Annual Review 1993:41-47.

*Tifa Irian  1996. 'Moffet menangis di Timika.' Tifa Irian 4th week Maret 1996.

Moffett cries in Timika.

Tifa Irian  1997. ‘Menengok keberadaan balai latihan kerja di belantara Timika.' Tifa Irian 2nd week Desember 1997, p.13.

Tifa Irian 1997. ‘Kabupaten Mimika mulai membenahi diri.' Tifa Irian 3rd week Desember 1997, p.12.

Tifa Irian  1997. ‘Freeport dan Depkes berikan bantuan kesehatan kepada masyarakat Jila dan Tsinga.' Tifa Irian 3rd week Desember 1997, p.13.

Tifa Irian  1997. ‘Melirik dunia pendidikan di Kampung Banti, Tembagapura.' Tifa Irian 3rd week Desember 1997, p.13.

Tifa Irian  1997. ‘Natal di lingkungan PT Freeport Indonesia.' Tifa Irian 4th week Desember 1997, p.13.

Tifa Irian  1997. ‘Terobosan masyarakat Lani di Timika.' Tifa Irian 4th week Desember 1997, p.14. [1% fund]

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘Shopping center Kuala Kencana meningkat.' Tifa Irian 1st week Januari 1998, p.15.

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘PT FIC berlakukan transportasi umum bagi karyawan.' Tifa Irian 1st week Januari 1998, p.15.

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘Menyiasati endapan pasir sisa di Sungai Ajkwa.' Tifa Irian 2nd week Januari 1998, p.13.

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘Menghijaukan yang gundul di gunung rumput.' Tifa Irian 2nd week Januari 1998, p.13.

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘Menyerbu Timika dengan Panser.' Tifa Irian 4th week Februari 1998, p.5.

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘Memindahkan masyarakat dari lereng terjal.' Tifa Irian 4th week Februari 1998, p.13. [Utekini relocation]

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘PT Freeport Indonesia: mengurangi limbah dengan pengelolan terpadu.' Tifa Irian 3rd week Maret 1998, p.9.

Tifa Irian  1998. ‘.' Tifa Irian 4th week Maret 1998, p..

Tim Expo Pembangunan Kabupaten Daerah Tingkat II Fakfak  1995. Buku Panduan Expo Pembangunan 1995, Kabupaten Daerah Tingkat II Fakfak. Fakfak: Kabupaten Daerah Tingkat II Fakfak. [Freeport display at regional expo]

Times of Papua New Guinea  1995. 'Australia asked for assessment on human rights abuses in Irian Jaya.' Times of PNG 13 April 1995, p.11.

Tiras  1995. 'Bishop Munninghoff explains.' Tiras 31 August 1995. Translated and distributed on internet by TAPOL, 1 September 1995.

Tiras  1996. 'Irian masih keluarga kita.' Tiras 4 April 1996, 2(10), Sisipan section, pp.G-H.

Tonkin, David  1997. Spears of Development? Comparative impacts of the Freeport mine, Irian Jaya. Unpublished BA (Hons.) thesis, Department of Asian Studies, Flinders University of South Australia. November 1997. 84pp.

Tooher, Patrick  1996. 'RTZ meeting ends in walkout by protesters.' The Independent (UK) 9 May 1996.

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UUU

Unditu, Aloys  1995. 'Of gold, copper and tailings: new investment to boost production.' Indonesia Business Weekly 24 April 1995, 3(19):12.

U.S. News and World Report  1967. 'Metal competition in Jakarta.' U.S. News and World Report 18 December 1967, 63(25):82.

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VVV

Van Nort, S.D., G.W.Altwood, T.B.Collinson, D.C.Flint and D.R.Potter  1991. 'Geology and mineralization of the Grasberg porphyry copper-gold deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.' Mining Engineering March 1991, 43(3):300-303.

Vasters, Jurgen  1996. 'Freeport and the natural beauty.' Jakarta Post 11 June 1996, p.4, Letter.

Vaughn, Tom  1995. 'Freeport officials deny rights abuse accusations.' Daily Texan 15 November 1995, pp.1-2.

Vaughn, Tom  1995. 'Feld speaks on Freeport.' Daily Texan 7 December 1995.

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WWW

Wakum, Tommas A.  1997. ‘PT.Freeport antara pembangunan dan kersuakan lingkungan.’ KdK 15(82):23-27.

WALHI  1996. 'The riot in Tembagapura, Kuala Kencana and Timika (March 10-12, 1996).' News release, WALHI, ELSAM, INFID, LPPS, 15 March 1996.

WALHI  1996. 'Timika riot should be addresses at its udnerlying causes.' News release, WALHI, ELSAM, INFID, LPPS, 15 March 1996.

WALHI  1996. 'Comments on negotiation process between the Irianese tribes with James R.Moffet [sic], CEO of Freeport McMoRan Gold & Copper at Sheraton Hotel, Timika, March 14, 1996.' News release, WALHI, ELSAM, INFID, LPPS, 15 March 1996.

WALHI-YPMD  1991. Laporan Kunjungan WALHI-YPMD ke Freeport Indonesia di Tembagapura. Ts, 14pp.

Wall Street Journal  1991. 'Investing in Indonesia: patience, risk-tolerance needed.' Wall Street Journal 20 September 1991.

Wall Street Journal  1992. 'Freeport-McMoRan Copper sells 10pc of stock for $213m.' Wall Street Journal 6 January 1992, Dow Jones News Service.

Walters, Patrick  1995. 'Irian Jayan gold lures US giants.' A 10 March 1995, p.37.

Walters, Patrick  1995. 'Indonesian army singles out soldier over Irian Jaya abuses.' A 21 September 1995, p.8.

Walters, Patrick  1996. 'Riots erupt again near Irian Jaya copper-gold mine.' A 13 March 1996, p.10.

Walters, Patrick  1996. 'Troops restore uneasy calm in Irian Jaya.' A 14 March 1996, p.6.

Walters, Patrick  1996. 'Irian chiefs seek mine dividend.' WA 23-24 March 1996, p.17.

Walters, Patrick  1996. 'Freeport vows to mend its ways.' WA 20-21 April 1996, p.13.

Waluyo, Dwitri and Genot Widjoseno  1995. 'Laporan dari Timika.' Majalah Berita Mingguan GATRA, 2 September 1995 (No.42/1), Apakabar, 30 August 1995.

Ward, Milton H.  1984. ‘Freeport Indonesia goes underground and expands production.’ Mining Magazine November 1984, 151(5):481-487.

Warta Freeport  1989. ‘Interview with Mr. Soetaryo Sigit: FII raises Indonesian mining to a new level.' Warta Freeport Januari-Feburari 1989, 8(1):3-8.

Warta Freeport  1993. 'Ertsberg discoverer returns - 57 years later!' Warta Freeport 12(2):5-8. [Dozy]

Warta Freeport  n.d.a.  Exploration. 26pp.

Warta Freeport  n.d.a.  Expansion. 26pp.

Warta Perhapi  1996. ‘PT Freeport Indonesia mendukung pengembangan wilayah dan masyarakat Irian Jaya.’ Warta Perhapi Nopember 1996, 3pp.

Watts, David  1995. 'Irian Jaya tribes retreat in face of mining onslaught.' The Times (London) 14 April 1995, p.10.

Watts, David  1995. 'Irian Jaya atrocities attacked by Bishop.' The Times (London) 5 September 1995. Reuters newsbrief.

*Watts, David  1996. ‘Kidnappings help to undermine gold-diggers from the West.’ The Times (London), 1996.

Weekend Australian  1995. 'Troops shot Irian Jayans at prayer: rights group.' WA 23-24 September 1995, p.3. [Hoea]

Weekend Australian  1996. 'Troops guard riot-hit mine.' WA 16-17 March 1996, p.15.

*Weiland, R.J.Jr. 1993. Plio-Pleistocene Unroofing of the Irian Fold-and-Thrust Belt South of the Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) Mining District, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: apatite fission track thermochronology. Unpublished MA thesis, University of Texas, Austin. [nh ANU, nh NL]

*Weiland, R.J.Jr. and M.Cloos  in prep. 'Plio-Pleistocene unroofing of the Irian fold-and-thrust belt south of the Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) mining district, Irian Jaya, Indonesia.' [nh ANU, nh NL]

West Papua Relief Association  1996. 'The demands of the OPM.' West Papua Relief Association, Sydney. 22 January 1996.

West Papua Update  1988. 'Freeport Indonesia (Inc) - biggest gold exporter (Kompas, 6 September 1988).' West Papua Update November 1988, 3:2.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Freeport expansion (Rainforest Information Centre Jan 1990).' West Papua Update  June 1990, 8:8.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Gold gold gold (Jakarta Post, 5 May 1990).' West Papua Update October 1990, 9:9.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Freeport expansion (Jakarta Post, 2 August 1990).' West Papua Update October 1990, 9:9.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Memo: mining in West Papua (Tapol, June 1990).' West Papua Update October 1990, 9:10.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Freeport asked to swap part of its concession site (Jakarta Post, 25/10/90).' West Papua Update December 1990, 10:8.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Freeport to double output with bigger investment (Jakarta Post 18/10/90).' West Papua Update December 1990, 10:11.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Officials who sold Irian photos to be tried soon (Jakarta Post 2/11/90).' West Papua Update December 1990, 10:11.

West Papua Update  1990. 'Freeport says aerial photos gotten legally (Jakarta Post 9/11/90).' West Papua Update December 1990, 10:11.

West Papua Update  1991. 'Inside view of Freeport (30 Sept.'91).' West Papua Update November 1991, 13:9-11.

West Papua Update  1994. 'Focus on Freeport.' West Papua Update June 1994, 17:2-5.

West Papua Update  1994. 'Trouble at Freeport.' West Papua Update July 1995, 18:7-8.

West Papua Update  1996. 'Hostages, human rights and Freeport.' West Papua Update April 1996, 19:1-2,7-8.

West Papuan Observer  1981. 'Cri de coeur from Tembagapura.' West Papuan Observer 6(1/2):4.

West Papuan Observer  1983. ‘The Freeport sabotage.’ West Papuan Observer May-June 1983, 7(3):4.

West Papuan Observer  1990/91. 'Minewatch: an eye into mining companies.' West Papuan Observer 10(5/6):29-31.

*White, L.  1983. 'Freeport Indonesia's Ertsberg project sets sights on expanded concentrate production.' Engineering and Mining Journal September 1983, pp.46-55. [nh ANU, nh NL]

Widjojo, Muridan S.  1996. ‘Dinamika kepemimpinan dan politik lokal di Timika Irian Jaya.’ Seminar Intern PPW-LIPI, Draft Pertama, Oktober 1996, Jakarta.

Williams, Louise  1995. 'Rights abuse ruling withheld.' SMH 31 August 1995, p.13.

Williams, Louise  1995. 'Killings in Irian Jaya verified.' SMH 4 September 1995, p.9.

Williams, Louise  1995. 'Indon massacre confirmed.' The Age 4 September 1995, p.3.

Williams, Louise  1996. 'Mine deal sets a new frontier.' SMH 20 April 1996, p.16.

Williams, Louise  1996. 'Irian Jaya tribes reject miner's offer.' SMH 3 July 1996.

*Wilson, C.J.  1983. Taxing Mineral Resource Projects in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and the Philippines. East-West Center Working Paper. Honolulu: East-West Center. [nh ANU, nh NL]

Wilson, C.John  1984. 'Taxing mineral resource projects: Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and the Philippines.' Resources Policy 10(4):251-262.

Wilson, Forbes K.  1977. 'The Ertsberg: a case history of mine development.' Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers June 1977, 262(2):81-86.

Wilson, Forbes K.  1977. 'The Ertsberg: a case history of mine development.' Mining Engineering June 1977, 29(6):33-36.

Wilson, Forbes K.  1981. The Conquest of Copper Mountain. New York: Atheneum. [Ertsberg]

*Wong, S.  1996. ‘Mining in Irian Jaya.’ Cultural Survival Quarterly 19(4): 8-9.

Workers World Newspaper  1996. 'Workers around the world.' Workers World Newspaper 4 April 1996. NY Transfer News Collective, 29 March 1996.

World Mining  1967. 'Three major companies seek copper in tropical jungles.' World Mining May 1967, 20(5):41.

World Mining  1967. 'Mining opportunities attract many international companies.' World Mining September 1967, 20(10):99.

World Mining  1968. 'Freeport Indonesia drilling high grade Ertsberg stock.' World Mining March 1968, 20(3):41.

World Mining  1968. 'Freeport's copper drilling at Ertsberg encouraging.' World Mining June 1968, 21(6):62.

World Mining  1968. 'Freeport continues Ertsberg copper feasibility study.' World Mining October 1968, 21(11):92.

World Mining  1968. 'Freeport's economic evaluation of Ertsberg is encouraging.' World Mining November 1968, 21(12):81.

Worthington, Ted  1996. 'Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold has increased the proven and probable gold reserves at its Grasberg project in Indonesia.' Northern Miner 1 January 1996.

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YYY

*Yerton, Stewart  1996. ‘Mountain of trouble.' Times Picayune 3 November 1995, pp.A1,A3.

Yerton, Stewart  1996. ‘A rock and a hard place.' Times Picayune Special Report, Part I: 28 January 1996, Special Report, pp.A-1-2, 17-22, 24-25; Part II: 29 January 1996, pp.A-1, 4-6; Part III: 30 January 1996, A-1, 4-5; Part IV: A-1,4.

Yerton, Stewart  1996. 'Tom Beanal visits New Orleans.' Times Picayune 21 May 1996.

Yerton, Stewart  1996. 'Freeport cancels mining coverage.' Times Picayune 20 September 1996. [MIGA, OPIC]

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ZZZ

Zimmerman, Don O.  1990. 'Recent metal mining developments in Indonesia.' In Pacific Rim Congress 90, Vol.II, pp.573-574.

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Industry Quarterly and Annual Reports, Newsletters and Magazines:

Freeport Indonesia. Warta: informasi PT Freeport Indonesia. (Freeport Company magazine). Tembagapura: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia. Berita Kita. (Freeport Company magazine). Kuala Kencana: P.T.Freeport Indonesia. [Replaced Warta - 1st issue was No.4 (September 1995)]

Freeport Indonesia. Warta Freeport. (Freeport Company magazine). Kuala Kencana: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport Indonesia. New Town News. (Freeport Company magazine). Tembagapura: P.T.Freeport Indonesia.

Freeport McMoRan. Annual Reports. New Orleans, Louisiana: Freeport McMoRan Ltd..

Freeport Mineral Company.  1970+. Annual Reports.

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Film and Television

‘The Ertsberg, a mountain of copper ore in Irian Jaya.’ Bechtel Corporation. 1970s. Produced by William Heick, Richard Clark, Gerald Varney. 40 minutes, colour, 16mm. [Library of Congress Call #TN446]

‘Exploration in Irian Jaya.’ PTFI video, 1994.

'Freeport in Indonesia.' Documentary screened on TV in USA in November 1995 (KVUE-24 19 November, KEYE-42 25 November, Channel 61 25 November, Channel 35 26 November).

'Foreign Correspondent.' ABC, Australia, 12 September 1995. Michael Maher reporter.

‘Irian Jaya - treasure in the clouds.’ PTFI video, 1992.

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Radio

Kirsten Garrett 1995. 'Freeport and Irian Jaya.' Background Briefing, ABC Radio National, 10 December 1995. Radio National Transcript available at http://www.abc.net.au/rn/talks/bbing

Kirsten Garrett 1996. 'Freeport Irian Jaya update.' Background Briefing, ABC Radio National, 21 January 1996. :

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