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HIV/AIDS di Papua, Indonesia

HIV/AIDS in Indonesian Papua

(Update terakhir, 14 Juli 2010) (Last update, 14 July 2010)

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Lantar Belakang

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) adalah salah satu isu serius dalam dunia kesehatan di Papua (dan Irian Jaya Barat). Gambar 1 menggambarkan bahwa lebih banyak kasus AIDS (1000 orang) dan jumlah orang yang meninggal akibat AIDS (108 orang) di Papua dibanding dengan propinsi lainnya di Indonesia (kecuali DKI Jakarta), terlepas dari kenyataan bahwa penduduk Papua (+Irjabar) hanya kurang dari 1% penduduk Indonesia. Hal yang perlu digaris-bawahi adalah mungkin ada banyak kasus AIDS yang belum dilaporkan di Papua dan umumnya penderita yang terinfeksi virus HIV lebih tinggi dibandingkan jumlah kasus AIDS yang diketahui. Beberapa institusi pemerintah dan LSM saat ini sedang mencurahkan perhatian dalam mengatasi HIV/AIDS di Indonesia, namun penanganan masalah tersebut membutuhkan banyak sumberdaya dan tindakan segera. Tercatat ada peningkatan dramatis laporan kasus AIDS di Papua (dari 15 kasus yang dilaporkan di tahun 1996 menjadi lebih dari 1170 kasus AIDS s/d Juni 2005).
Background

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is one of the most serious recent public health issues in Papua (and West Irian Jaya). Figure 1 illustrates that more cases of AIDS (1000 people) and AIDS fatalities (108 people) have been reported in Papua than any other province in Indonesia (except Jakarta), despite the fact that Papua (+Irjabar) has less than 1% of the nation's population. It is also important to note that there may be many unreported cases of AIDS in Papua, and HIV infection rates are typically significantly higher than recognised cases of AIDS. While a number of government and non-government agencies are now paying attention to HIV/AIDS in Indonesia, the problem demands greater resources and immediate action. There has been a dramatic increase in reported cases of AIDS in Papua (from 15 reported cases of AIDS in 1996 to more than 1170 AIDS cases by June 2005).


Propinsi yang terjangkit HIV/AIDS *     - 1 -     Provinces affected by HIV/AIDS *


* Gambar 1 diambil dari ringkasan data triwulan kasus AIDS kumulatif pada June 2005, yang dipublikasikan oleh Departemen Kesehatan. Data ini hanya mencakup propinsi dengan jumlah kasus AIDS diatas 300 sampai dengan Juni 2005. Catatan: Sesuai dengan data triwulan, sampai dengan June 2005 kumulatif kasus AIDS per 100.000 penduduk secara nasional sebesar 1.67. Rate tertinggi terjadi di propinsi Papua and Irjabar sebesar 26.6 (16 kali angka nasional), diikuti propinsi DKI Jakarta sebesar 19.3, dll (lihat Gambar 2). Untuk informasi lebih lengkap, lihat www.depkes.go.id. * Figure 1 was prepared from data contained in the June 2005 quarterly summary of cumulative AIDS cases reported in Indonesia, published by the Indonesian Department of Health. It includes only those provinces with more than 300 recorded cases of AIDS as of June 2005. Note: According to data from the trimonthly data to June 2005, the national rate of reported AIDS cases is 1.67 in 100,000. The highest rate of reported AIDS cases is 26.6 people in 100,000 in Papua and West Irian Jaya (16 times the national average) followed by the City of Jakarta with a rate of 19.3, etc (see Figure 2). For more complete information, see www.depkes.go.id.

- 2 - Prevalensi kasus AIDS per 100.000 *             Prevalence of AIDS cases per 100,000 * - 2 -


* TABEL 2 diambil dari ringkasan data triwulan kasus AIDS kumulatif pada June 2005, yang dipublikasikan oleh Departemen Kesehatan. Data ini hanya mencakup propinsi dengan prevalensi kasus AIDS lebih dari 3 kasus dlm 100.000. * TABLE 2 was prepared from data contained in the June 2005 quarterly summary of cumulative AIDS cases reported in Indonesia, published by the Indonesian Department of Health. It includes only those provinces with a prevalence of more than 3 cases in 100,000.


Statistik umum AIDS/HIV di Indonesia*
(General statistics on HIV/AIDS in Indonesia)

(* info dari: http://www.lp3y.org/content/AIDS/sti.htm)

Jumlah kumulatif kasus AIDS/HIV berdasarkan propinsi
(Culumative HIV/AIDS cases by province)


Prevalensi kasus AIDS per 100.000 penduduk berdasarkan propinsi
(Prevalence of AIDS cases per 100,000 people by province)


Jumlah kasus baru AIDS/HIV di Indonesia berdasarkan tahun pelaporan
(Total of new HIV/AIDS cases in Indonesia based on yearly reports)


Tabel-tabel lain
(Miscellaneous tables)



Laporan, presentasi, dll.

Reports, presentations, etc.

Stigma dan HIV/AIDS di Wilayah Pegunungan Papua
© Leslie Butt, Jake Morin (Djekky R. Djoht), Gerdha Numbery, Ibrahim Peyon, Andreas Goo, 2010.
Kerjasama Penelitian antara Pusat Studi Kependudukan UNCEN, Abepura, Papua dan University of Victoria, Canada.

Stigma and HIV/AIDS in Highlands Papua
© Leslie Butt, Jake Morin (Djekky R. Djoht), Gerdha Numbery, Ibrahim Peyon, Andreas Goo, 2010.
Research Collaboration between the Population Study Centre UNCEN (Abepura), Papua and the University of Victoria, Canada.
Komitmen Sentani terhadap HIV/AIDS di Indonesia.
Plaket kesadaran HIV/AIDS di Papua [1.2Mb].
Sentani Commitment on HIV/AIDS in Indonesia.
Poster for HIV/AIDS awareness in Papua [1.2Mb].

Baseline prevalence and risk factors associated for STIs among newly-arrived female sex workers in Timika, Indonesia (Powerpoint 2.8Mb)
© N. Silitonga, E. Donegan, S.C. Davies, J. Kaldor, F.S. Wignall, M. Okoseray, J. Schachter, 2003. Pengutipan presentasi ini harus mencantunkan sumber tulisanya.
Baseline prevalence and risk factors associated for STIs among newly-arrived female sex workers in Timika, Indonesia (Powerpoint 2.8Mb)
© N. Silitonga, E. Donegan, S.C. Davies, J. Kaldor, F.S. Wignall, M. Okoseray, J. Schachter, 2003. Use of this presentation for any purpose must be acknowledged.

Preventing AIDS in Papua (pdf 200k) - Catatan
© Leslie Butt, Gerdha Numbery and Jake Morin, 2002.
Pengutipan laporan ini harus mencantunkan sumber tulisanya. Papuaweb menyambut baik penambahan laporan ini ke dalam koleksi perpustakaan digital dan berterimakasih pada penulis atas kesediaanya mencantumkan laporan ini. Papuaweb juga menghargai dukungan yang diberikan oleh: Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Cenderawasih, USAID dan Family Health International, serta Aksi STOP AIDS di Papua dalam mendukung penyelesaian laporan ini.
Preventing AIDS in Papua (pdf 200k) - Note
© Leslie Butt, Gerdha Numbery and Jake Morin, 2002.
Use of any part of this report for any reason must be acknowledged. Papuaweb welcomes the addition of this report to its digital library and thanks the authors for their willingness to make the report available. Papuaweb also recognises the support given to this project by The Research Foundation of Cenderawasih University, USAID and Family Health International, and Aksi STOP AIDS Papua.


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