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World Trade Organisation* Members and Observers

Last Updated - April 27, 2004.

Members and date of entry

Albania  8 September 2000
Angola  23 November 1996
Antigua and Barbuda  1 January 1995
Argentina  1 January 1995
Armenia  5 February 2003
Australia  1 January 1995
Austria  1 January 1995
Bahrain, Kingdom of  1 January 1995
Bangladesh  1 January 1995
Barbados  1 January 1995
Belgium  1 January 1995
Belize  1 January 1995
Benin  22 February 1996
Bolivia  12 September 1995
Botswana  31 May 1995
Brazil  1 January 1995
Brunei Darussalam  1 January 1995
Bulgaria  1 December 1996
Burkina Faso  3 June 1995
Burundi  23 July 1995
Cameroon  13 December 1995
Canada  1 January 1995
Central African Republic  31 May 1995
Chad  19 October 1996
Chile  1 January 1995
China  11 December 2001
Colombia  30 April 1995
Congo  27 March 1997
Costa Rica  1 January 1995
Côte d'Ivoire  1 January 1995
Croatia    30 November 2000
Cuba  20 April 1995
Cyprus  30 July 1995
Czech Republic  1 January 1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo  1 January 1997
Denmark  1 January 1995
Djibouti  31 May 1995
Dominica  1 January 1995
Dominican Republic  9 March 1995
Ecuador  21 January 1996
Egypt  30 June 1995
El Salvador  7 May 1995
Estonia  13 November 1999
European Communities  1 January 1995
Fiji  14 January 1996
Finland  1 January 1995
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 4 April 2003
France  1 January 1995
Gabon  1 January 1995
The Gambia    23 October 1996
Georgia  14 June 2000
Germany  1 January 1995
Ghana  1 January 1995
Greece  1 January 1995
Grenada  22 February 1996
Guatemala  21 July 1995
Guinea  25 October 1995
Guinea Bissau  31 May 1995
Guyana  1 January 1995
Haiti  30 January 1996
Honduras  1 January 1995
Hong Kong, China  1 January 1995
Hungary  1 January 1995
Iceland  1 January 1995
India  1 January 1995
Indonesia  1 January 1995
Ireland  1 January 1995
Israel  21 April 1995
Italy  1 January 1995
Jamaica  9 March 1995
Japan  1 January 1995
Jordan  11 April 2000
Kenya  1 January 1995
Korea, Republic of  1 January 1995
Kuwait  1 January 1995
Kyrgyz Republic  20 December 1998
Latvia  10 February 1999
Lesotho  31 May 1995
Liechtenstein  1 September 1995
Lithuania  31 May 2001
Luxembourg  1 January 1995
Macao, China  1 January 1995
Madagascar  17 November 1995
Malawi  31 May 1995
Malaysia  1 January 1995
Maldives  31 May 1995
Mali  31 May 1995
Malta  1 January 1995
Mauritania  31 May 1995
Mauritius  1 January 1995
Mexico  1 January 1995
Moldova  26 July 2001
Mongolia  29 January 1997
Morocco  1 January 1995
Mozambique  26 August 1995
Myanmar  1 January 1995
Namibia  1 January 1995
Nepal  23 April 2004
Netherlands (including the Netherlands Antilles)  1 January 1995
New Zealand  1 January 1995
Nicaragua  3 September 1995
Niger  13 December 1996
Nigeria  1 January 1995
Norway  1 January 1995
Oman  9 November 2000
Pakistan  1 January 1995
Panama  6 September 1997
Papua New Guinea  9 June 1996
Paraguay  1 January 1995
Peru  1 January 1995
Philippines  1 January 1995
Poland  1 July 1995
Portugal  1 January 1995
Qatar  13 January 1996
Romania  1 January 1995
Rwanda  22 May 1996
Saint Kitts and Nevis  21 February 1996
Saint Lucia  1 January 1995
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines  1 January 1995
Senegal  1 January 1995
Sierra Leone  23 July 1995
Singapore  1 January 1995
Slovak Republic  1 January 1995
Slovenia  30 July 1995
Solomon Islands  26 July 1996
South Africa  1 January 1995
Spain  1 January 1995
Sri Lanka  1 January 1995
Suriname  1 January 1995
Swaziland  1 January 1995
Sweden  1 January 1995
Switzerland  1 July 1995
Chinese Taipei 1 January 2002
Tanzania  1 January 1995
Thailand  1 January 1995
Togo  31 May 1995
Trinidad and Tobago  1 March 1995
Tunisia  29 March 1995
Turkey  26 March 1995
Uganda  1 January 1995
United Arab Emirates  10 April 1996
United Kingdom  1 January 1995
United States of America  1 January 1995
Uruguay  1 January 1995
Venezuela  1 January 1995
Zambia  1 January 1995
Zimbabwe  5 March 1995

Observer governments

Algeria
Andorra
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Belarus
Bhutan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cambodia
Cape Verde
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia
Holy See (Vatican)
Iraq
Kazakhstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lebanese Republic
Russian Federation
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Serbia and Montenegro
Seychelles
Sudan
Tajikistan
Tonga
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Viet Nam
Yemen

Note: With the exception of the Holy See, observers must start
accession negotiations within five years of becoming observers.

* Note: Above is a list of WTO Member states. On 1 January 1995, the WTO replaced GATT, which had been in existence since 1947, as the organization overseeing the multilateral trading system. The governments that had signed GATT were officially known as "GATT contracting parties". Upon signing the new WTO agreements (which include the updated GATT, known as GATT 1994), they officially became known as "WTO members".

(source: www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm)


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